Catalysis plays a vital role in petroleum refining since the catalysts provide a stage for the structural and chemical changes of the hydrocarbon molecules present in the crude fractions to obtain the product of desired quality so as to make them suitable as fuels that can meet the required specifications of the fuel norms. In the modern petroleum refinery, almost all the processes are conducted in presence of a catalyst right from hydrotreating to the cracking, isomerization, alkylation and aromatization processes. There is a continuous demand for the novel and efficient catalyst materials that can catalyze the desired reactions of the hydrocarbons with superior performance and product selectivities.
Metal oxides, mixed oxides, zeolites, molecular sieves and mesoporous materials are some of the solid materials that have marked their presence as catalysts and catalyst supports in recent years. The subject area is of continuous interest to the researchers working in academia, institutions and industry. Hence it is appropriate to collect the recent advances in the area of catalyst development in petroleum refining in order to enhance the understanding of researchers working in the area.
The aim of this special issue is to highlight the role of catalysts in petroleum refining processes with special attention to the following areas. Topics to be covered include, but are not limited to:
- Fluid catalytic cracking
- Light hydrocarbon processing
- Residue upgrading
- Alternative fuels
- Light alkane isomerization
- Butylene alkylation
- New materials as refinery catalysts
Paper submission deadline: 30 November 2009
Notification of decision: 31 January 2010
Final manuscript due: 31 March 2010