28 July 2021

Free open access article available: "An analysis of the ethical frameworks and financial outcomes of corporate social responsibility and business press reporting of US pharmaceutical companies"

The following paper, "An analysis of the ethical frameworks and financial outcomes of corporate social responsibility and business press reporting of US pharmaceutical companies" (International Journal of Business Governance and Ethics 15(3) 2021), is freely available for download as an open access article.

It can be downloaded via the full-text link available here.

Research pick: Digitalisation of hotels in the COVID-19 pandemic - "Digitalisation in the hospitality industry: motivations, effects and role of Covid-19"

What has been the role of the COVID-19 pandemic in the digitalisation of the hospitality industry? Domenico Morrone, Nicola Raimo, Annunziata Tarulli, and Filippo Vitolla of the Department of Management, Finance and Technology at LUM University, in Casamassima, Bari, Italy, hope to answer that question in the International Journal Digital Culture and Electronic Tourism.

The pandemic has pushed many normal activities into the online realm in unprecedented ways leading to the notion of e-tourism or smart tourism. However, the way in which hotels have been affected by the pandemic has not been investigated in detail in terms of the drivers for digitalisation until now. The team hopes to fill this gap through a case study investigation of hotel structures. Digitalisation in other realms might involve the use of information and communications technology (ICT) not only in communication and marketing areas but also in production, sales, customer relations, and beyond.

The researchers have found that the motivation is mainly concerned with a desire to improve the quality of the hotel structures, to adapt to competitors, and increase financial performance. Digitalisation has had a series of positive effects related to boosting revenues and reducing costs as well as improving corporate image. COVID-19 has significantly accelerated the digitalisation processes, the team writes.

The team suggests that digitalisation is perhaps the only way forward for hotels during the pandemic and perhaps beyond. “Through digitalisation, in fact, it is possible to guarantee and certify the sanitation of the structures, maintain social distancing, guest traceability and other measures, making people free to enjoy hotel holidays,” they write. This implementation will allow tourists to be relatively safe in hotels, allow hoteliers to resume many of their normal activities. Digitalisation will also give the hotel industry a way to face possible future crises with more security.

Morrone, D., Raimo, N., Tarulli, A. and Vitolla, F. (2021) ‘Digitalisation in the hospitality industry: motivations, effects and role of Covid-19’, Int. J. Digital Culture and Electronic Tourism, Vol. 3, Nos. 3/4, pp.257–270.

27 July 2021

Special issue published: "Smart Destinations and Digital Tourism in the Age of Sustainability: The Quest for New Roots"

International Journal of Digital Culture and Electronic Tourism 3(3/4) 2021

  • Social big data for sustainable smart tourism development: a conceptual framework
  • Social innovation and smart tourism in ambidextrous SME alliances: an empirical analysis of alliance performance
  • Digitalisation in the hospitality industry: motivations, effects and role of Covid-19
  • Sustainability and disability in the digital age: some experiences in Italian tourism
  • Human capital and smart tourism's development: primary evidence
  • An empirical model of long-term development for accommodation facilities: the role of smart destination
  • Application of a digital framework towards the comprehension and restoration of the thin marble envelope of the Casa delle Armi built cultural heritage
  • Study on the ecological attitudes of Italian cruise passengers
  • Passengers' perception on aviation environmental issues and its effect on sustainable tourism

Research pick: COVID-19-related xenophobia - "Classifying COVID-19-related hate Twitter users using deep neural networks with sentiment-based features and geopolitical factors"

A lot of entirely unwarranted anti-Asian sentiment in the USA and elsewhere has emerged on social media since the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic, which had its original source in Wuhan, China, but is a global problem we all must face. Researchers from China and the USA have investigated how this xenophobia can be classified on one particularly prominent social media platform, Twitter, with a view to understanding how it might best be addressed.

Writing in the International Journal of Society Systems Science, Peng Zhao and Xin Wang of the Big Data and AI Lab, IntelligentRabbit LLC, New Jersey and Xi Chen of the School of Humanity and Law, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, suggest that deep learning can be used to investigate public sentiment regarding political opinion and geographical diversity.

The team has developed a new method to classify those Twitter users posting updates with pandemic-related anti-Asian sentiment. They used a novel dataset for tracking users based on 10 million tweets. It was possible to home utilise known sentiment surrounding the US elections and geolocations. “The empirical result indicates that the political sentiments and the county-level election results make significant contributions to the model building,” the team writes. They trained a deep neural network (DNN) model with data from more than 190,000 Twitter users and were able to classify their Twitter activity as “hate” or “non-hate” with 61% accuracy, the team reports.

Such a classification should be sufficient to guide other classification systems and manual intervention to determine those users expressing xenophobic sentiment. This could then be used to decide whether any given user should be liable for further investigation, suspension, or education. The team points out that anti-Asian sentiment is not confined to the Twitter platform nor is it confined to the USA, it is seen on all platforms, including Facebook, Instagram, YouTube, and others with comments and posts from around the world. As such, the team adds that extracting features from the other platforms – images, voices, and videos will also be helpful in providing a multidimensional understanding of anti-Asian xenophobia and hate online in the COVID-19 context at the global level.

Zhao, P., Chen, X. and Wang, X. (2021) ‘Classifying COVID-19-related hate Twitter users using deep neural networks with sentiment-based features and geopolitical factors’, Int. J. Society Systems Science, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp.125–139.

Special issue published: "Embedded Autonomous Architecture and its Connectivity for Automotives"

International Journal of Vehicle Autonomous Systems 15(3/4) 2020

  • A hybrid approach to perform test case prioritisation and reduction for software product line testing
  • Design and modelling of hybrid fuel cell and solar-based electric vehicle
  • A hybrid three-wheeler e-gear using three-stage inverter
  • Detection of DoS attacks using machine learning techniques
  • Development of a low-cost smart vehicle start up and tracking system using Android and Arduino
  • LabVIEW-based performance improvement of servo vacuum booster using programmable logic control
  • Developing in-vehicular noise robust children ASR system using Tandem-NN-based acoustic modelling
  • Improved vehicle navigation using sensor fusion of inertial, odometeric sensors with global positioning system
  • Adaptive geodesic feedback controller design for the quadrotor

26 July 2021

Special issue published: "Data-Driven Intelligent Optimisation Methods and Applications"

International Journal of Automation and Control 15(4/5) 2021

  • Design of a PV module block using the industrial automation PLC for PV system application
  • Binary particle swarm optimisation and the extreme learning machine for diagnosing paraquat-poisoned patients
  • Recharge strategies for the electric vehicle routing problem with soft time windows and fast chargers
  • Optimised data-driven terminal iterative learning control based on neural network for distributed parameter systems
  • The impact of horizontal R&D cooperation on the climbing of the industrial cluster supply chain: from the perspective of the evolutionary game theory
  • Self-adaptive wolf pack algorithm based on dynamic population updating for continuous optimisation problems
  • Study of braking strategy considering comfort
  • Tuning of extended Kalman filter using grey wolf optimisation for speed control of permanent magnet synchronous motor drive
  • Online map fusion system based on sparse point-cloud
  • Fractional-order multi-model predictive control for nonlinear processes
  • Suppression of chaos in the spin-orbit problem of Enceladus via robust adaptive sliding mode control

23 July 2021

International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology to invite expanded papers from 5th International Conference on Image and Graphics Processing (ICIGP 2022) for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the 5th International Conference on Image and Graphics Processing (ICIGP 2022) (7-9 January 2022, Beijing Forestry University, China) will be invited for review and potential publication by the International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology.

Special issue published: "Emerging Challenges of Public Sector Management in Transition and Emerging Economies"

International Journal of Public Sector Performance Management 7(4) 2021

  • Determinants in the prevention of bad financial management: case study Republic of Kosovo
  • Labour market transition of youth in developing economies: the case of countries in South East and Eastern Europe
  • Role and impact of public debt in financing budget deficit and economic growth - with special study in Kosovo
  • Informal street vendors' behaviour at Car-Free Day in Indonesia
  • Kosovo's nation branding through private and public sector cooperation
  • Financial stability of pension systems in transition countries
  • Total quality management for changes of staff capacity in higher education: a model to follow in the public sector
  • Perspective of counselling in social services: the case of Republic of North Macedonia
  • Impact of the fiscal policy on economic growth: an analytical approach from the Republic of Kosovo

Special issue published: "Finance, Technology and Sustainability"

International Journal of Business Performance Management 22(2/3) 2021

  • The effect of financial inclusion on unemployment reduction - evidence from non-oil producing Arab countries
  • Financial literacy knowledge assessment among college students in Hyderabad, India
  • Bank strategy determinants under relationship lending: evidence from the Moroccan credit market
  • How can inclusive growth be enabled from financial technology?
  • Management of investment hybrid portfolio
  • Capital market based on blockchain technology and the efficient market hypothesis: theoretical and conceptual analysis
  • Performance of ethical and conventional investment funds: comparison and contingencies
  • Do Islamic stock indices perform better than their conventional counterparts?
  • Access to venture capital in Africa: the role of public institutions and corporate governance
  • Determinants of value creation through mergers and acquisitions in the MENA region
  • Do single takeovers outperform corporate acquisition programs? Evidence from the French stock market
  • Business process reengineering and Nigerian private sector organisations change management
  • An evaluation of knowledge intensive business services industry efficiency: the Italian case

Research pick: Grandma’s obsolescent broom - "Modelling and characterisation of the obsolescence process"

Research published in the International Journal of Product Lifecycle Management has looked at the concept of obsolescence. A. Sánchez-Carralero and C. Armenta-Déu of the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in Spain explain how they have developed a model to simulate the obsolescence process that leads to the need to replace durable goods.

The team shows how the benefits of replacement eventually outweigh the various costs of maintaining the original item nudging the user towards replacing the aging item. The model takes into account servicing as well as an irreparable failure that is the end-point of obsolescence in one sense.

“Prediction of obsolescence is difficult since many factors intervene in the process,” the researchers explain, “some depend not on technology or market aspects but on user perception.” They add that it is possible to model the obsolescence process and predict when an item may become unusable and so need replacing using sophisticated statistical models such as Bayesian analysis. Such analyses might even be used to optimise the manufacturing process itself. Of course, in a modern, capitalist society, consumerism is key to growth and so obsolescence is necessary if a company is hoping to have repeat sales from users once they and their competitors have saturated the market.

As such, the much-derided, and the perhaps unethical notion of “planned obsolescence” is prevalent. In this, the manufacturers design their durable goods to essentially have a lifespan limited by factors they might control rather than the lifespan being governed by the way in which a user uses the item. There is an amusing and universal tale of the broom one’s grandparent used the same broom throughout their lives bought with their first home, used daily and only having had 6 replacement heads and 7 replacement shanks!

Obsolescence is essentially entropy, the tendency of a system to move towards disorder and chaos. Understanding the obsolescence process of more sophisticated systems than a broom can help in the marketing of new products as well as perhaps allowing manufacturers and sellers to predict their future profits based on a model of obsolescence for their products and the reliability and replaceabilty of those products. Brooms wear out and have to be replaced, even Grandma will admit that.

Sánchez-Carralero, A. and Armenta-Déu, C. (2021) ‘Modelling and characterisation of the obsolescence process’, Int. J. Product Lifecycle Management, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp.140–158.

22 July 2021

Free open access article available: "The manifesto of money (the neutrality of money)"

The following paper, "The manifesto of money (the neutrality of money)" (International Journal of Critical Accounting 12(3) 2021), is freely available for download as an open access article.

It can be downloaded via the full-text link available here.

Research pick: Malware detection for Androids - "DroidMD: an efficient and scalable Android malware detection approach at source code level"

There are numerous malware detection and antivirus apps for mobile devices running the Android operating system. However, a team in China introduces a new approach that can detect malicious activity at the source code level. They provide details in the International Journal of Information and Computer Security.

Junaid Akram, Majid Mumtaz, Gul Jabeen, and Ping Luo of The Key State Laboratory of Information Security at Tsinghua University, explain how their approach is not only scalable but offers self-optimisation of the signature set as it detects malicious apps by reading their source code. The team has developed a prototype of their software, DroidMD. They have tested it against almost 30000 applications of which 3,670 are already identified as malware. It is reliable because it analyses only the code and has a high detection accuracy of 95.5%. The team points out that one of the unique characteristics of their software is that it can detect malware that is a clone or “near-miss” of known viruses and malware. Conventional antivirus and malware detection often fails to detect such malware where the software signature may well be only marginally different from the original virus.

Given that there are millions of users downloading thousands of apps every day, it is imperative that an effective and reliable approach to controlling malware be found to slow the assimilation of devices into bot nets and other malicious networks and reduce the risk of user data and privacy being compromised by malware.

“In our future work, we will make DroidMD more resilient for minimising the obfuscation and improving its run time. Meanwhile, we will extend it for other programming languages to detect malware or malicious code fragments from source code to overcome security threats,” the team writes.

Akram, J., Mumtaz, M., Jabeen, G. and Luo, P. (2021) ‘DroidMD: an efficient and scalable Android malware detection approach at source code level‘, Int. J. Information and Computer Security, Vol. 15, Nos. 2/3, pp.299-321.

21 July 2021

International Journal of Agriculture Innovation, Technology and Globalisation to invite expanded papers from International Agriculture Innovation Conference (IAIC 2021) for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the International Agriculture Innovation Conference (IAIC 2021) (3-4 September 2021, Tokyo, Japan) will be invited for review and potential publication by the
International Journal of Agriculture Innovation, Technology and Globalisation.

Special Issue published: "Marketing Challenges and Opportunities in Emerging Economies" (includes free Open Access article)

International Journal of Economics and Business Research 22(2/3) 2021

  • Revisiting marketing strategy in emerging markets: a study of Amazon.com Inc.
  • An exploratory study identifying motives and barriers to ethical consumption for young Indian consumers
  • Eco-friendly products purchase intention: a comparison of theory of planned behaviour and social cognitive theory
  • Does organic food consumption matter to young consumers? A study on young consumers of India
  • Does commuting drive employee turnover? A select case of women employed in the Indian retail industry
  • Role of top management in business model innovation due to technological changes in emerging market
  • Managing employee turnover: findings from the AHP model
  • To buy or not to buy green: the moderating role of price and availability of eco-friendly products on green purchase intention
  • Young working women's purchase intention towards organic cosmetic products
  • Twitter and radio indicators of election outcomes: a study of Indian elections
  • Financial analysis method based on astrology, Fibonacci, and Astronacci to find a date of direction inversion: JCI and future gold prices (empirical study of the JCI-IDX and gold prices, period of 2008-2017) [OPEN ACCESS]

Free open access article available: "Financial analysis method based on astrology, Fibonacci, and Astronacci to find a date of direction inversion: JCI and future gold prices (empirical study of the JCI-IDX and gold prices, period of 2008-2017)"

The following paper, "Financial analysis method based on astrology, Fibonacci, and Astronacci to find a date of direction inversion: JCI and future gold prices (empirical study of the JCI-IDX and gold prices, period of 2008-2017)" (International Journal of Economics and Business Research 22(2/3) 2021), is freely available for download as an open access article.

It can be downloaded via the full-text link available here.

Research pick: The Nigerian pandemic imperative - "The imperative of research and development in Nigeria: lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic"

The industrialised world has responded in disparate ways to the emergence of the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, and the ensuing pandemic it caused, COVID-19. Technology was repursosed to track and monitor the disease and research and development focused on the development of vaccines and investigated pharmaceutical and physical interventions to treat the disease.

New research published in the International Journal of Technological Learning, Innovation and Development has looked at the response from a developing nation, Nigeria. This nation has, not unlike many others with fewer resources and less money to spare, not yet contributed in a significant way to R&D into the coronavirus and our response to the pandemic. Through a case study, the team has gleaned lessons that might be applied to lessen the crisis in Nigeria of the next pandemic.

Morolake Bolaji, John O. Adeoti, and Joshua Adeyemi Afolabi of the Innovation and Technology Policy Department at the Nigerian Institute of Social and Economic Research (NISER), in Ojoo, Ibadan, Nigeria, explain that Nigeria may have the capability but has remained a “laggard in R&D spending as well as R&D activities, particularly in the health sector.” One might suggest that the term “developing nation” can only be applied if that country is active in the areas that lead to development.

The COVID-19 pandemic has, the team suggests, reinforced “the imperative for Nigeria to significantly and urgently increase its R&D spending not only to combat subsequent health challenges but also to facilitate rapid structural transformation and economic development.” A country that fails to rise to such crises and challenges by boosting its Sciencebase will inevitably continue to suffer the worst consequences of such a pandemic.

The team has five recommendations. The first is that the government must increase the nation’s R&D budget. Secondly, health infrastructure needs considerable improvement. The third recommendation is that public R&D needs to integrate more effectively with the private sector to improve technological results. Fourthly, the government must improve the transfer of the currently limited R&D “outputs” to the end-users. Finally, education in science and technology must be given a boost through governmental scholarships that focus on problem-solving rather than promotion.

Bolaji, M., Adeoti, J.O. and Afolabi, J.A. (2021) ‘The imperative of research and development in Nigeria: lessons from the COVID-19 pandemic’, Int. J. Technological Learning, Innovation and Development, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp.168–189.

20 July 2021

Special issue published: "Extending the Theory for Global Strategic Risk Management Perspectives"

International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management 11(2/3) 2021

  • The roles of transformational leadership, innovation climate, creative self-efficacy, and knowledge sharing in fostering employee creativity in the public sector in Vietnam
  • Price sensitivity as a moderating factor between the effects of airline service quality and passenger satisfaction on passenger loyalty in the airline industry
  • Exploration of institutional theory in green supply chain initiatives for healthcare industries in Malaysia
  • Identifying the key beliefs of private university students towards joining the Malaysian Armed Forces
  • The moderating effect of crisis experience on the relationship between transformational leadership, decision-making styles and crisis management in Yemen organisations
  • A meta-analysis of continuous technology usage behaviour
  • Framework for adoption of information communication technology by small and medium-sized enterprises in developing economies
  • A review of big data analytics on customer complaints in the electricity industry
  • Systematic analysis regarding leadership in healthcare
  • An analysis on public participation in an agrarian reform program in Jenawi Sub-district of Karanganyar Regency
  • The impact of climate on price fluctuations to the income of leek farmers in Sajen village, Pacet, Mojokerto
  • Virtual travel community: does information quality matters?

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Nuclear Governance, Economy and Ecology

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Nuclear Governance, Economy and Ecology are now available here for free:
  • Resource distribution and performance of complex systems
  • Coupling pressurised water reactor to large scale SWRO desalination plants: an economic assessment
  • The state of progress and associated challenges in the global deployment of small modular reactors
  • Illicit trafficking in nuclear and other radioactive materials: separating myths from realities
  • The proposed drafting process for nuclear security regulations: Egyptian case study

Research pick: Caring during the COVID crisis - "Rethinking occupational welfare policies in long-term care organisations during the COVID-19 pandemic: an organisational ethics approach"

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to distort our perceptions of normal as the days and weeks and months go by. The occupational welfare of those caring for the elderly in residential carehomes has been an important aspect of the new-normal as those not-for-profit organisations that offer those services must look after their carers to ensure consistent care of their customers.

New research in the International Journal of Managerial and Financial Accounting, has looked at how we might rethink occupational welfare in the long term by adopting an organisational ethics approach.

Giorgio Mion, Angelo Bonfanti, and Francesca Simeoni of the University of Verona, Italy, and Cristian Loza Adaui of the Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nürnberg, Germany, have used the Fondazione Monsignor Alessandro Marangoni as a case study to examine the ethical questions of the new-normal. This NPO organisation adopted occupational welfare policies, enabling it to manage the early COVID-19 outbreak without negative consequences, the team writes.

The team points out that many NPOs offering care services to the elderly have suffered badly in the wake of the pandemic because their customers were particularly susceptible to infection with the causative coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, and the ensuing disease COVID-19, which had a high mortality rate in this cohort. This was especially so prior to the development of working vaccines and efficacious therapies for the disease. The team adds that long-term care (LTC) organisations needed to implement strategic and operational policies to safeguard the health of employees and residents, the team writes, these policies concern both healthcare and managerial/organisational aspects. This was especially true in the north of Italy where the negative impact of the unfolding pandemic in the first few weeks of 2020 was relentless.

Many NPOs in this sector reorganised their internal spaces, adopted flexible working, as well as engaging in effective communication with stakeholders and family members, all at the same time as endeavouring to comply with new lockdown and other laws aimed at halting the spread of the disease and reducing hospitalisations and deaths.

The team has highlighted the positive outcomes obtained by the Marangoni Foundation in its management of the pandemic emergency through the implementation of extraordinary occupational welfare policies. “The activities implemented were related to the ethical dimensions of management in terms of their effects on individuals, managers, the organisation and society,” the team explains. These were “decisive for meeting the most urgent needs particularly during periods of crisis,” the team adds. The researchers point out that it was the empowerment of workers that was critical for enhancing organisational performance during the pandemic especially given that safety protocols often limited some voluntary activities.

Mion, G., Bonfanti, A., Simeoni, F. and Loza Adaui, C.R. (2021) ‘Rethinking occupational welfare policies in long-term care organisations during the COVID-19 pandemic: an organisational ethics approach’, Int. J. Managerial and Financial Accounting, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp.48–63.

Improved Clarivate Citation Reports and Impact Factors for Inderscience Journals

Inderscience's Editorial Office is pleased to announce that 2021's Journal Citation Reports from Clarivate Analytics have revealed advances in impact factors for many Inderscience journals, including the European Journal of Industrial Engineering, European Journal of International Management, International Journal of Bio-Inspired Computation, International Journal of Exergy, International Journal of Global Warming, International Journal of Mobile Communications, International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology, International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics, International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering, International Journal of Technology Management, International Journal of Web and Grid Services, and Progress in Computational Fluid Dynamics.

The Editorial Office would like to congratulate and thank all editors, board members, authors and reviewers involved, and is pleased to see their endeavours rewarded in these latest Citation Reports.