19 July 2019

Dental decay and flavoured water

A laboratory study published in the International Journal of Environment and Health looks at the effects of flavoured mineral water drinks and sugar substitutes on the exogenic erosion of tooth enamel. Given that many more people drink flavoured sugar solutions today than ever before, there is the likelihood of an emerging dental crisis. However, the switch to sugar substitutes might not be the answer to this problem, the researchers suggest.

Anna Lewandowska and Marzena Joanna Kuras of the Medical University of Warsaw in Poland investigated several drinks available in Poland. They considered pH, titratable acidity and the concentration of phosphorus in the various flavoured mineral waters on the market. They also used solutions of xylitol, erythritol, stevia, and glucose-fructose to see what effect such sweeteners have on exogenous erosion of tooth enamel in the laboratory, with a view to understanding how that might affect dental health in the outside world.

Both flavoured mineral water and sweeteners tested in this study cause exogenous erosion of enamel according to the results of phosphorus released from hydroxyapatite,” the team explains. It is worrying that they discovered that “The erosive potential of the tested sugar substitutes concerned as beneficial for our health was similar to the glucose-fructose syrup.”

The team adds that “replacing glucose-fructose syrup with another sweetener has no beneficial effect on the exogenous erosion,” Indeed, “Any type of sweetener enhances the exogenous erosion potential of the solution [because of the drink’s] low pH.

Lewandowska, A. and Kuras, M.J. (2019) ‘The impact of flavoured mineral water drinks and sugar substitutes available on the Polish market on exogenic erosion of teeth enamel – in vitro study: preliminary results‘, Int. J. Environment and Health, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp.213-223.

18 July 2019

Research pick: Maturing social media analysis - "ocial media analytics: a tool for the success of online retail industry"

Online social media analytics is a powerful tool to boost e-commerce, according to a new study published in the International Journal of Services Operations and Informatics. Ogunmola Gabriel Ayodeji and Vikas Kumar of the School of Business Studies, at Sharda University, in Greater Noida, India, explain how social media apps and websites are almost ubiquitous in the lives of many people around the world now. There are more active members of some of these services than there are people in even the most populace of nations.

Businesses can instantaneously share information with their customers and clients. But, the greatest benefits to the commercial world can only come if those businesses are fully aware of how their social media presence sits within the wider context and how their customers and future customers are affected and interact with the online presence of that business.

The team explains how there are different phases of the social media analytics process and that this has to become integrated with the companies’ online retail strategy. The paper discusses the challenges and the opportunities.

“SMA metrics for customer life-cycle (acquisition to enhancement) are discussed, the team writes. They then make a comparative analysis of different analytical tools to identify which can be used to the best advantage in the online retail environment. The team points out that the tools are still in their infancy, whether free or paid and proprietary. They must be developed further to allow the approach to online retail to mature.

Ayodeji, O.G. and Kumar, V. (2019) ‘Social media analytics: a tool for the success of online retail industry‘, Int. J. Services Operations and Informatics, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp.79-95.

17 July 2019

Research pick: Is Peak P a problem? - "Is phosphorus really a scarce resource?"

Chemists and materials scientists have been worried about the elements for many years. Some precious metals are, by virtue of their very nature, hard to come by. They are found in remote reserves and often in places with interesting politics that might preclude access to those resources for some companies. Other non-metal elements, such as helium are also dwindling. Ultimately, we may run out of some elements on which we rely for modern electronics and computing systems and the cooling for the superconducting magnets in magnetic resonance imaging MRI) machines, in the case of helium. Another element around which the alarm bells are ringing is the critically important phosphorus which is essential for agriculture.

Writing in the International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, a team from Germany asks the important question: Is phosphorus really a scarce resource?

They explain that this is a QTWAIN – a question to which the answer is no – phosphorus abundant. However, the extraction of more than 90 percent of the supply is not feasible with current technology and economic and political limitations. In 2007/2008 there was a price spike in this commodity that triggered a debate around the notion of “peak P” just as we have had with “peak oil”. The team argues that the peak P crisis was one of economics and politics rather than an actual scarcity of the element, or more specifically, the mineral from which it might be extracted to be used in agricultural fertilizer manufacture.

The team adds that better recycling and management practices are already in hand to sustain phosphorus so that for the foreseeable future there is no need to consider peak P or any other claims as a crisis. Indeed, recycling phosphorus could actually become more economically viable than acquiring and processing virgin resources.

Köhn, J., Zimmer, D. and Leinweber, P. (2018) ‘Is phosphorus really a scarce resource?‘, Int. J. Environmental Technology and Management, Vol. 21, Nos. 5/6, pp.373-395.

16 July 2019

Research pick: Using geothermal to cool your home - "Thermodynamic analysis and assessment of a geothermal cooling system for a house"

Geothermal energy can be used to sustainably keep a house cool in notoriously hot parts of the world, thanks to the design of a new cooling system by researchers in Italy and Turkey. Writing in the International Journal of Exergy, the team explains how their vapour absorption chiller (VAC) was designed to meet the cooling demands of a 140 square metre, detached family home in Izmir, Turkey.

Hot geothermal fluid from deep beneath the house is transported to the VAC in which water and ammonia are used as an absorbent and a refrigerant, respectively. The system runs at temperatures of 30, 90, and 2 degrees Celsius at the condenser, boiler, and evaporator. The system runs at an equivalent of about 4.5 kilowatts based on cooling load calculations.

Under optimal conditions, the team estimates that costs would be offset by electricity saved running a conventional air-conditioning unit within six and a half years. This takes into account an up-front estimated cost of US$3500. Moreover, the use of sustainable energy to drive the system means a greatly reduced carbon footprint.

It is critical as we face rising global average temperatures and sharply rising local temperatures because of anthropogenic climate change, that we find alternative, sustainable ways to keep people cool in their homes without simply burning more fossil fuels to generate electricity to do so.

Ozcan, B., Aykurt, I.E., Akpak, M., Tacer, T., Yildirim, N., Hepbasli, A. and Ozcan, H.G. (2019) ‘Thermodynamic analysis and assessment of a geothermal cooling system for a house‘, Int. J. Exergy, Vol. 29, Nos. 2/3/4, pp.350-369.

12 July 2019

Research pick: Medical drones for accident and emergency - "Drone transportation cost analysis for emergency medical products"

Remote or computer-controlled aircraft, commonly referred to as “drones” could revolutionize the way in which emergency medical supplies, such as bags of blood plasma, are delivered to areas hit by disaster, accidents or other life-threatening situations. Of course, drones are costly and require skilled operators. Writing in the International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management, a team from the USA has undertaken a cost analysis of using drones for this purpose.

The team hoped to show that the delivery of emergency supplies using drones is economically viable in the context of road-traffic accidents. By looking at a range of scenarios where drones might be used the team’s cost analysis supports their hopes, especially as the timely use of drones rather than ground vehicles could ultimately be a matter of life and death. Their particular focus could readily be generalized to other emergency situations given adequate additional data and the construction of appropriate scenarios for other types of emergency.

The team’s analysis focused on two locations in Florida, one near Tampa, the other near Orlando. Both areas have at least one fatality every week due to a road traffic accident and so an improvement in the medical response in those areas could have a significant impact on total lives lost each year in the state. Of course, a road traffic accident will inevitably increase the level of congestion on already congested road networks and make it more difficult for paramedics and ambulances to reach the accident quickly. The use of drones could allow equipment and supplies to get to a site where paramedics may well have arrived on a motorbike, for instance.

Poudel, S.R., Chowdhury, S., Marufuzzaman, M., Bian, L., Mudbari, M. and Pradhan, G. (2019) ‘Drone transportation cost analysis for emergency medical products‘, Int. J. Business Continuity and Risk Management, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp.251-282.

11 July 2019

Research pick: Machine learning about glaucoma - "A new intelligent system for glaucoma disease detection"

Untreated glaucoma is a major cause of sight loss. There are several forms and they are all essentially caused by damage to the optic nerve due to increased pressure within the eye. A collaboration between scientists in Algeria and Belgium has led to a new “intelligent system” for glaucoma detection that promises to help diagnose the condition sooner rather than later and allow patients to be treated in a timely manner and their sight saved.

Mohammed El Amine Lazouni and Amel Feroui of the Biomedical Engineering Laboratory, at Abou Bekr Belkaid Tlemcen University in Tlemcen, Algeria and Saïd Mahmoudi of the Computer Science Department at the University of Mons, in Belgium discuss their approach in detail in the International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology.

Technically, glaucoma originates from an increase in the intraocular pressure (IOP). In the healthy eye, the aqueous humour behind the cornea is maintained in equilibrium with and equal quantity of liquid being discharged by the eye and this region refilled with fluid continuously. However, in glaucoma the rate of flow of liquid out of this cavity is slower than the flow into the space and the pressure within rise, putting damaging pressure on the optic nerve. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common form but another condition called normal tension glaucoma can be just as debilitating. Closed-angle glaucoma is considered a medical emergency. The most common form causes no pain, but gradually leads to damage of one’s peripheral vision and ultimately the whole field of vision, causing complete blindness.

The team’s approach involves one of the standard tests for the early stages of glaucoma measuring the ratio of cup to disc measurements of the retina. Machine learning built on a database of these ratios allows an early diagnosis for a new patient to be made very quickly and accurately, almost 9%%. Such accuracy would allow the ophthalmologist to make a much more precise estimate of glaucoma risk for their patient.

Lazouni, M.E.A., Feroui, A. and Mahmoudi, S. (2019) ‘A new intelligent system for glaucoma disease detection‘, Int. J. Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, Vol. 11, Nos. 4/5, pp.613-633.

10 July 2019

International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development to invite expanded papers from ARTEM OCC conference 2020 for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the ARTEM OCC conference 2020 (19-21 March 2020, Chemnitz University of Technology in Chemnitz, Germany) will be invited for review and potential publication by the International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development.

Research pick: Text messaging to Whatsapp – Early adopters and inertia

Text messaging remains an important means of electronic communication for many people requiring only the simplest connection to the cell phone network. Nevertheless, other more sophisticated tools such as Whatsapp are increasingly prevalent given their multimedia capabilities and the near ubiquity of smartphones and almost universal wireless broadband connectivity in major towns and cities and beyond. Julian Bühler and Markus Bick Chair of Business Information Systems at the ESCP Europe Business School Berlin, Germany, ask what influences how quickly such technologies are adopted in different parts of the world and how the novel displaces the old.

Writing in the International Journal of Mobile Communications, the team has looked at the use of text messaging and Whatsapp and how these have a cultural impact on mobile commerce in two countries: the United Kingdom and Russia. Fundamentally, the team found, the expectations of users in the UK are higher than those in Russia when interacting with mobile commerce sites. This is particularly true of user expectations for hedonic services. It seems, however, that social surroundings actually play a minor role in the user decision-making process. UK users are often early adopters especially in the hedonic sphere seeking out new technology whereas Russian users maintain inertia with the initial services and systems and stay with them in the long term. When Russian users do change they are eager and keen to try out all the new functionality of a service.

The team suggests that their findings have implications for how companies hoping to introduce new technology and services might assess the putative market. They should introduce the service in the UK first as a testing ground for early adoption and move to the Russian market if the UK proves enthusiastic.

Bühler, J. and Bick, M. (2019) ‘From text messages to WhatsApp: cultural effects on m-commerce service adoption in the UK and Russia‘, Int. J. Mobile Communications, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp.441-464.

9 July 2019

Research pick: "Environmental uncertainty and corporate social responsibility"

There is a significant negative correlation between environmental uncertainty and corporate social responsibility, according to a study published in the International Journal of Business and Systems Research. The conclusion drawn from 23 years of data associated with more than 3000 companies in the USA suggests that an ethics view should be taken when it comes to corporate social responsibility rather than allowing a changing environment to determine whether or not a company makes a positive ethical decision or not.

Brian Chabowski and Li Sun of the Collins College of Business at the University of Tulsa, in Oklahoma and Sharon Xuerong of the Huang Miller College of Business at Ball State University, in Muncie, Indiana, explain that their insights could offer policymakers solid guidance on taking an ethical stance rather than allowing the business environment to steer policy. A new ethical stance could provide clearer and more positive approaches to employee lay-offs, union relations, health & safety, retirement benefits, as well as recycling, pollution limitation and clean energy, and even in some instances human rights, whether those of indigenous people in the company’s own country.

“To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that performs a direct empirical test on the relationship between environmental uncertainty and corporate social responsibility (CSR),” the team writes. “Overall, our study shows that managers engage in less CSR activities when in an uncertain environment,” they add. This is perhaps to be expected after all CSR might be costly and when markets are not in favour of a particular company then cuts have to be made. However, the team suggests that there are practical implications that would preclude the need for a company to abandon its ethical stance and instead simply temper its CSR to some degree when the firm is faced with a volatile environment.

Chabowski, B., Huang, S.X. and Sun, L. (2019) ‘Environmental uncertainty and corporate social responsibility‘, Int. J. Business and Systems Research, Vol. 13, No. 3, pp.364-389.

8 July 2019

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Global Energy Issues

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Global Energy Issues are now available here for free:
  • Are US gasoline price responses asymmetric? Another look
  • Growth in transport sector CO2 emissions in Tunisia: an analysis using a bounds testing approach
  • Understanding volatility and leverage effects in bunker markets
  • Energy transition: between economic opportunity and the need for financing?
  • Attributes of a viable policy for the Vietnam electricity sector: opinions of stakeholders
  • Thermal energy storage using phase change materials: a way forward J
  • Electricity retail competition: the case of the UK
  • Investigating the price linkage between the Asian LNG spot and East Asian LNG prices and its implications
  • Optimal management of an oil exploitation
  • On the relationship between liquid commodities and financial variables: a Bayesian VAR approach
  • Oil price shocks and OECD equity markets: distinguishing between supply and demand effects
  • Fuel taxes and consumer behaviour: a Markov-switching approach
  • Regional analysis of the relationship between CO2 emissions and financial development

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Services Operations and Informatics

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Services Operations and Informatics are now available here for free:
  • An extension of importance-performance analysis method: integrated with fuzzy MICMAC
  • Energy-performance optimisation for the dynamic consolidation of virtual machines in cloud computing
  • The impact of information and communication technologies on bilateral trade in services
  • Value evaluation method of industrial product-service based on customer perception
  • Managing service performance based on multidimensional and categorical satisfaction data

Special issue published: "Developments in Technology Management Using Fuzzy Set Techniques"

International Journal of Technology, Policy and Management 19(2) 2019

  • Evolution of the business and management research in Chile
  • Classic colouring problems as special cases of the soft graph colouring model
  • Realising the potential of virtual world-based simulations in higher education: a visual perspective
  • Does natural language perform better than formal systems? Results from a fuzzy agent-based model
  • A systematic overview of the prediction of business failure

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Learning Technology

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Learning Technology are now available here for free:
  • Social recommender approach for technology-enhanced learning
  • The effect of technology supported teaching on students' academic achievement: a combined meta-analytic and thematic study
  • Forecasting students' success in an open university
  • MathSpeak: a non-ambiguous language for audio rendering of MathML

5 July 2019

Special section published: "Review on Change Technology and Knowledge Management"

International Journal of Project Organisation and Management 11(2) 2019

  • Testing the reciprocal relationship between quality of work life and subjective well-being: a path analysis model
  • Explore relationship between total quality management and CMMI in software development organisations: a study of Chandigarh and Mohali
  • Knowledge sharing practice in project-oriented organisations: a practical framework based on project life cycle and project management body of knowledge
Regular papers

  • Participatory monitoring and evaluation in development projects of Bangladesh
  • Relationships of economic decision-making and risk in the project environment: insights from the literature

International Journal of Grid and Utility Computing to invite expanded papers from Information Technology Trend 2019 for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the Information Technology Trend 2019 (ITT 2019) (20-21 November 2019, HCT-Ras Al Khaimah Women's campus, UAE) will be invited for review and potential publication by the International Journal of Grid and Utility Computing.

Special issue published: "Ecological Economics in Developing and Transition Countries"

International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management 21(5/6) 2018

  • The impact of economic performance on environmental quality in developing countries
  • Consumer behaviour change through education for sustainable development: case of Latvia
  • Decoupling of GDP and air pollution in the Czech Republic: trend analysis and policy story behind
  • Economic and social dimensions of ecological conflicts: root causes, risks, prevention and mitigation measures
  • The impact of environmental determinants of sustainable agriculture on country food security
  • Integral assessment of national economy sustainable development
  • Corporate environmentalism: an assessment of sustainability reporting among firms in Ghana
  • National culture and attitude to ecology: on the example of Ukraine and Mongolia
  • Regional differentiation of electricity prices: social-equitable approach
  • Is phosphorus really a scarce resource?
  • The main trends of innovation capacity influence on environmental situation: the case of Ukraine and Poland
  • The concept of sustainability and regional development integration on the northeast coast of Brazil: the case of Pecém Beach-Ceará
  • Biogas as an alternative energy source in Ukraine and Israel: current issues and benefits

Research pick: Shoring up coastal defences - "Lifetime wave overtopping assessment of coastal defences under changing environments"

Throughout civilisation, coastal defences have been an issue for those people who live by the sea. Now, climate change and its implications for rising sea levels make the issue increasingly pressing for more and more people. Research published in the International Journal of Lifecycle Performance Engineering, discusses the issue of over-topping of sea defences in the face of a changing environment.

Mehrdad Bahari Mehrabani of the Department of Engineering Science at the University of Greenwich, in Chatham, Kent, UK and Hua-Peng Chen of East China Jiaotong University, Jiangxi, China, have looked at how our changing climate makes it all the more urgent to find ways of assessing coastal defences and ensuring that they are maintained not only on a critical schedule but can be re-engineered on an ad hoc basis when time and tide require it.

Earth sea dykes of the kind that edge lowland coasts and protect towns and cities and the people that live and work on land reclaimed from the sea or vulnerable former marshland, are widespread. Higher than normal tides, storm conditions, and rising sea levels all conspire to breach such sea dykes. The team has demonstrated that it might be possible to predict the demise of a given sea dyke given particular conditions and so offer the possibility of shoring up and improving such coastal defences before problems arise.

Mehrabani, M.B. and Chen, H-P. (2019) ‘Lifetime wave overtopping assessment of coastal defences under changing environments‘, Int. J. Lifecycle Performance Engineering, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp.93-110.

4 July 2019

Special issue published: "Big Data Engineering: Recent Advances in Intelligent Methods, Methodologies and Techniques"

International Journal of Data Mining, Modelling and Management 11(3) 2019

  • Allegories for database modelling
  • A grammar-based approach for XML schema extraction and heterogeneous document integration
  • Towards a comparative evaluation of text-based specification formalisms and diagrammatic notations
  • Effective and efficient distributed management of big clinical data: a framework

International Journal of Spatio-Temporal Data Science to invite expanded papers from International Conference on Artificial Intelligence & Applications (ICAIA-2019) for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the International Conference on Artificial Intelligence & Applications (ICAIA-2019) (20-21 November 2019, College of Engineering Roorkee, Roorkee, India) will be invited for review and potential publication by the International Journal of Spatio-Temporal Data Science.

3 July 2019

Special issue published: "Investigations into Global and Local Response of Solids Subjected to Multi-Scale Time Dependent Loading"

International Journal of Materials and Structural Integrity 13(1/2/3) 2019

  • Nonlinear analysis of FGM plates using generalised higher order shear deformation theory
  • Higher order Hermite enriched contact finite elements for adhesive contact problems
  • Comparative study of algorithms to handle geometric and material nonlinearities
  • Wavelet-based finite element simulation of guided waves containing harmonics
  • A new 3D finite element for the finite deformation of nearly incompressible hyperelastic solids
  • Filler shape and volume fraction effect on dynamic compression behaviour of glass filler reinforced epoxy composites
  • Effect of obliquity on ballistic impact response of plain-woven fabric
  • Mixed mode stress intensity factors of slanted edge cracked plate with hole subjected to various in-plane loadings using XFEM
  • Numerical investigation of crack growth in AISI type 316LN stainless steel weld joint using GTN damage model
  • Crystal plasticity-based creep model for solution-strengthened nickel-based alloys
  • Cyclic electromechanical response of poly(vinylidene fluoride)
  • Effect of soot on tribological properties of steel and ceramic contacts
  • Experimental characterisation of leak through elastomer-metal interface

International Journal of Comparative Management to invite expanded papers from 19th Consortium of Students in Management Research (COSMAR 2019) for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the 19th Consortium of Students in Management Research (COSMAR 2019) (28-29 November 2019, Indian Institute of Science Bangalore, India) will be invited for review and potential publication by the International Journal of Comparative Management.

Special issue published: "Technological Innovation for Sustainable Development"

International Journal of Innovation and Sustainable Development 13(3/4) 2019

  • A dialectic on innovation and sustainability
  • Noospheric thinking and problems of sustainable development of territories
  • Leveraging new product innovation through R&D practices in engineering manufacturing sector: a study in Indian context
  • The impact of dimensions of sustainable development on the acceptance of organisational innovations (case study: Iran electronics industries)
  • Organisational readiness evaluation on sustainable IT management in the Brazilian context
  • Towards sustainable rice processing: a case of Republic of Benin
  • A framework proposal for sustainability management in wine industry
  • Energy transition: the nexus between poverty and CO2 emissions in Brazil
  • Consolidation of the wind energy sector in the Brazilian electricity matrix: opportunities, advantages and challenges
  • Waste water treatment plant energy conversion technologies comparison
Additional papers
  • A comparison of proactive and reactive environmental strategies in green product innovation
  • Innovations for sustainability: challenges of utilising sustainability-related knowledge
  • Ecosystem services valuation by pioneering companies

Research pick: Validating medical information on social media - "Finding and validating medical information shared on Twitter: experiences using a crowdsourcing approach"

Medical information and healthcare advice abound on the internet, both genuine, science-based information as well as spurious and fake. Research published in the International Journal of Web Engineering and Technology, looks to using a crowd-sourcing approach to the validation of medication information on one particular niche of the internet – the well-known microblogging platform known as Twitter.

Scott Duberstein, Daniel Adomako Asamoah, Derek Doran, and Shu Schiller of Wright State University in Dayton, Ohio, point out that social media, of which Twitter can be said to be one of the popular, can be a very useful place to gather information. However, it remains challenging for the lay person to know whether the information they glean from such a system is valid or whether, in the parlance of the modern political vernacular, it is “fake news”. This might not matter so much when the information pertains to celebrity gossip, but it is important in the political realm, and very often a matter of life and death when the subject is medicine.

The team has attempted to develop a system that might automate the validation of information on the internet and specifically Twitter. It utilises the Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) crowdsourcing platform and focused, as a proof of principle, on information about major depressive disorder, an important medical condition that is frequently discussed on social media. “The core of our approach entailed the design of a custom survey and the use of a crowdsourcing mechanism to generate a collective understanding and validation of the information collected,” the team writes.

The team has demonstrated that it is possible to use crowdsourcing to successfully extract and validate information about a specific medical topic from a platform like Twitter. They suggest that the same approach might be extended to other medical topics, and perhaps beyond and to other platforms that carry a large body of unvalidated information that might be tested and validated or otherwise. Automation of some aspects of the processing would remove the risk of human error at various stages. It might even be possible for the algorithms employed to differentiate between valid statements and ironic ones that might, with earlier approaches, be confused.

Duberstein, S.J., Asamoah, D.A., Doran, D. and Schiller, S.Z. (2019) ‘Finding and validating medical information shared on Twitter: experiences using a crowdsourcing approach‘, Int. J. Web Engineering and Technology, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp.80-98.

2 July 2019

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Innovative Computing and Applications

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Innovative Computing and Applications are now available here for free:
  • Hybrid algorithms for 3-SAT optimisation using MapReduce on clouds
  • Blind hyperspectral unmixing by non-parametric non-Gaussianity measure
  • RAJIVE: restricting the abuse of JavaScript injection vulnerabilities on cloud data centre by sensing the violation in expected workflow of web applications
  • Dual neighbourhood discrete artificial bee colony algorithm for the convex polygons packing problem with constraints of equilibrium

Special issue published: "Computer Aided Inventive Computational Techniques"

International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology 11(4/5) 2019

  • A novel approach for feature fatigue analysis using HMM stemming and adaptive invasive weed optimisation with hybrid firework optimisation method
  • Design considerations and construction of a solar pond for efficient energy harvesting using a fuzzy controlled TEG
  • Investigation of methodical framework for cross-platform mobile application development: significance of Codename One
  • OntoCommerce: an ontology focused semantic framework for personalised product recommendation for user targeted e-commerce
  • Performance comparison of SDN OpenFlow controllers
  • Road segmentation and tracking on Indian road scenes
  • Advanced prediction of learner's profile based on Felder-Silverman learning styles using web usage mining approach and fuzzy c-means algorithm
  • Forecasting and enhancing universities navigation outline procedure from web log data
  • A safety system for school children using GRAG
  • An android-based hardware system for accident avoidance and detection on sharp turns
  • Computer aided software integrated automated safety system
  • A smooth three-dimensional reconstruction of human head from minimally selected computed tomography slices
  • A new high performance empirical model for software cost estimation
  • A new intelligent system for glaucoma disease detection

Free open access article available: "Autonomous leader-follower formation control of non-holonomic wheeled mobile robots by incremental path planning and sliding mode augmented tracking control"

The following paper, "Autonomous leader-follower formation control of non-holonomic wheeled mobile robots by incremental path planning and sliding mode augmented tracking control" (International Journal of Systems, Control and Communications 10(3) 2019) is freely available for download as an open access article.

It can be downloaded via the full-text link available here.

Research pick: Is Bitcoin the new gold standard or another fiat? - "Cryptocurrencies, Fiat money or gold standard: empirical evidence from volatility structure analysis using news impact curve"

A statistical analysis of volatility in cryptocurrencies has been carried out using a news impact curve. The analysis provides empirical evidence that could help economists decide whether these modern digital currencies are trust-based but intrinsically worthless like the “fiat” paper money system of familiar currencies we use or the new “gold standard”. The research team offers details of their analysis and their conclusions in the International Journal of Monetary Economics and Finance.

Anwar Hasan Abdullah Othman, Syed Musa Alhabshi, and Razali Haron of the IIUM Institute of Islamic Banking and Finance at the International Islamic University Malaysia, in Kuala Lumpur, explain that trading in Bitcoin, perhaps the most well known of the cryptocurrencies is more on a par with trading in precious metals, specifically gold, as opposed to trading in hard currency. The analysis shows that the volatility and response to economic shockwaves are similar for Bitcoin and gold but that hard currency, such as the US dollar, responds differently in terms of how value changes with the ups and downs of trading and the wider economic conditions.

The team adds that their analysis supports the notion that Bitcoin and gold represent safe-haven assets and could be exploited in hedging against market risk especially during ebullient economic times. “Evidence suggests that cryptocurrency is a potential alternative to the current fiat money system,” the team writes, “offering benefits to policymakers and a good investment option for positional investors in terms of hedging, portfolio diversification strategy, and risk management.”

The next step with this research will be to extend a similar analytical processing to other cryptocurrencies to determine whether or not these conclusions might be generalized beyond Bitcoin.

Othman, A.H.A., Alhabshi, S.M. and Haron, R. (2019) ‘Cryptocurrencies, Fiat money or gold standard: empirical evidence from volatility structure analysis using news impact curve‘, Int. J. Monetary Economics and Finance, Vol. 12, No. 2, pp.75-97.

1 July 2019

Special issue published: "Decision Analytics in Port and Shipping Logistics"

International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics 11(4) 2019

  • The impact of operational strategies on vessel handling times: a simulation approach
  • A statistical forecasting model applied to container throughput in a multi-port gateway system: the Barcelona-Tarragona-Valencia case
  • Development of a maritime safety management database using relational database approach
  • Selection of logistics service modes in e-commerce based on multi-oligopolies Cournot competition

Special issue published: "Recent Advances in Memetic Computing"

International Journal of Innovative Computing and Applications 10(1) 2019

  • An enhanced cuckoo search using dimension selection
  • A new artificial bee colony based on neighbourhood selection
  • A novel firefly algorithm with self-adaptive step strategy
  • One-dimensional deep learning firefly algorithm guided by the best particle
  • Gaussian bare-bones firefly algorithm
  • Hand motions recognition based on sEMG nonlinear feature and time domain feature fusion
  • Dynamic HypE for solving single objective optimisation problems
  • A hybrid binary harmony search algorithm for solving the winner determination problem

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Materials and Structural Integrity

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Materials and Structural Integrity are now available here for free:
  • Nonlinear finite element analysis of steel lined reinforced concrete penstock laid on downstream surface of dam
  • Optimisation design and structure analysis of large-scale prestressed rectangular aqueduct
  • AHP coupled multi-criteria decision making approach for selection of carbon nanotube applied in mechanical engineering under grey-environment
  • Research on the cable routing optimisation by hybrid intelligent water drop algorithm
  • Impact of Mg doping contents on the n-type and p-type ZnO by first-principles calculations
  • A new method of forced vibration problem of deep beams under distributed harmonic load
  • Microscopic characteristics of the methane occurrence state in coal
  • Means of protecting materials from spontaneous coal combustion: current developments, mechanisms, classifications, and prospects
  • Research on deburring technology for cross hole on automobile brake master cylinder
  • Effect of gap on vertical deformation and deterioration stress of CRTS-I ballastless track
  • Effect of aluminising on the low cycle fatigue life of a directionally solidified nickel-base alloy used for manufacturing turbine blade
  • Experimental study on hardness property improved by PWHT of AA-7075-T6 welded by FSW process
  • Physiochemical characterisation of Malaysian white aggregate for use in sustainable concrete structure
  • Neural prediction of concrete compressive strength
  • Operation optimisation of urban rail transit train base on energy saving

Special issue published: "Exergetic Solutions for Better Performance"

International Journal of Exergy 29(2/3/4) 2019

  • Comparative thermodynamic performance assessment of two-stage cycle for various refrigerants
  • Energy, exergy, exergoeconomic, and exergoenvironmental study of a parabolic trough collector using a converging-diverging receiver tube
  • First and second law analyses of wastewater cooled condenser for a refrigeration system
  • Energy, exergy and thermoeconomic analyses of biomass and solar powered organic Rankine cycles
  • Thermoeconomic assessment of a solar-based ejector absorption cooling system with thermal energy storage: a case study for Al-Jofra city in Libya
  • Energetic and exegetic analysis of a novel multi-generation system using solar power tower
  • Conventional and advanced exergy analyses of an air-conditioning system in a subway station
  • Increasing exergy efficiency of a coal-fired thermal power plant via feedwater-heating repowering application
  • Exergetic performance of building attached photovoltaic power plant: a case study for an olive oil production corporation
  • Municipal solid waste based multigeneration system for different districts of Karachi
  • Geothermal and solar energy amalgamated multigeneration system escorting diverse needs of a district
  • Thermodynamic analysis and assessment of a geothermal cooling system for a house

29 June 2019

Inderscience journals to invite expanded papers from International Conference on Sustainable and Innovative Solutions for Current Challenges in Engineering & Technology (ICSISCET-2019) for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the International Conference on Sustainable and Innovative Solutions for Current Challenges in Engineering & Technology (ICSISCET-2019) (Madhav Institute of Technology & Science, Gwalior, India, 2-3 November 2019) will be invited for review and potential publication by the following journals:

Special issue published: "Data-Driven Structural Damage Identification and Performance Assessment"

International Journal of Lifecycle Performance Engineering 3(2) 2019

  • Lifetime wave overtopping assessment of coastal defences under changing environments
  • Structural damage identification of steel-concrete composite bridge under temperature effects based on cuckoo search
  • Acquisition of thermal field of spatial steel structure based on temperature measurements
  • Structural damage detection using wavelet packet transform combining with principal component analysis
  • Comparative studies on structural damage detection using Lp norm regularisation
  • Identification of unknown inputs considering structural parametric uncertainties

International Journal of Powertrains to invite expanded papers from International Symposium on Advanced Electrical and Communication Technologies (ISAECT2019) for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the International Symposium on Advanced Electrical and Communication Technologies (ISAECT2019) (27-29 November 2019, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Rome, Italy) will be invited for review and potential publication by the International Journal of Powertrains.

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Web Engineering and Technology

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Web Engineering and Technology are now available here for free:
  • Big data multi-query optimisation with Apache Flink
  • Rational graph: a model for complex networks
  • Q-DWSO: hybrid approach for QoS-aware dynamic web services orchestration
  • A survey on automation of security requirements in service-based business processes

28 June 2019

Special issue published: "Business Innovation and Global Markets (SMICBES 2018)"

International Journal of Trade and Global Markets 12(2) 2019

  • The role of entrepreneurial orientation in intervening the relationship between social media usage and performance enhancement of exporter SMEs in Indonesia
  • Improving service excellence on passenger ships in Indonesia
  • Palung salt in Bali: strategies for the local product to penetrate global markets
  • The meaning of business success: Moslem women entrepreneur in Surakarta
  • Expatriate career development: self efficacy, multicultural personality, collective efficacy, and individual expatriate performance
  • Predicting financial distress probability of Indonesian plantation and mining firms
  • System advantage strategy framework: a literature review

Research pick: Criminal cybersquatters - "Cyber-squatting: a cyber crime more than an unethical act"

Cybersquatting was rife in the early days of the World Web of the 1990s. An individual would register a domain name that was perhaps associated with an organisation or company and even a trademarked term. The cybersquatter might then use the domain for their own purposes whatever they might be or endeavour to sell the domain to the organisation. At first, it was unclear whether cybersquatting was illegal. Laws were tightened, domain registrars would take a dim view of such activity and commonly the domain would be handed over to what would appear to be the more legitimate owner. However, there are blurred lines when it comes to generic terms rather than company names or trademarks.

Some pundits perceive cybersquatting as unethical. It still goes on. Others suggest that it is beyond unethical it is criminal. Writing in the International Journal of Social Computing and Cyber-Physical Systems, a team from India suggests that cybersquatting, rather than being an artefact of an immature Web of a quarter of a century ago, is still rife and exploitative. The team offers many examples of cybersquatting and highlights how the activity is detrimental to the growth of the internet and society as a whole.

There may well be instances where cybersquatting was intentional. This author can point to a US government website that has essentially hijacked the name of a well-known personal and commercial website for its own use by using the domain with the .gov suffix where the .com already existed!
The team points out that there are no useful methods to prevent cybersquatting and in India and elsewhere it is increasing on a daily basis as new companies emerge only to find that the most pertinent domain for the website has been taken by a third party. There is a need to increase awareness of the problem before algorithms could be implemented at the registrar level to help preclude this unethical and often criminal activity on the internet.

Chandra, R. and Bhatnagar, V. (2019) ‘Cyber-squatting: a cyber crime more than an unethical act‘, Int. J. Social Computing and Cyber-Physical Systems, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp.146-150.

27 June 2019

International Journal of Society Systems Science to invite expanded papers from AICTE sponsored International Conference on Healthcare Informatics (RCHI-2019) for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the AICTE sponsored International Conference on Healthcare Informatics (RCHI-2019) (12-13 December 2019, Tamil Nadu, India) will be invited for review and potential publication by the International Journal of Society Systems Science.

Special issue published: "Business and Economic Challenges in the Post-Great Recession: Global Economy and Business at a Crossroads"

International Journal of Business and Globalisation 22(4) 2019

  • Lessons learned from the global recession - redesigned framework of key macroeconomic policies
  • Monetary aggregation theory and nominal GDP targeting
  • Contagion channels of the financial crisis towards Maghreb countries
  • Working capital management and firm profitability: evidence from emerging markets
  • Financial dynamics of energy companies during global economic crisis
  • A synthesis of empirical research on the validity of Wagner's law
  • Comparative analysis of economic systems' goals: ranking approach
  • The role of the government in enhancing sustainable entrepreneurships
  • Drivers for eco-innovation in firms: an exploratory study in Spain
  • Cooperatives and crisis: economic dynamics in Italian context
  • On the assessment of regional intellectual and innovation activities based on measurement theory methods and panel data regression analysis
  • Higher education: should other countries follow the US model?
  • Education expenditures and human capital: can austerity compromise growth in Portugal?
  • The role of innovations in fostering economic growth: an empirical analysis for selected CEE countries

Research pick: Playing at physiotherapy - "A review of the use of new technologies in physical therapy rehabilitation: possibilities and challenges with Xbox and kinect"

Gaming technology can assist with physical therapy and rehabilitation, according to a team from Brazil. Writing in the International Journal of Auditing Technology, the team discusses the potential for the Microsoft Xbox games console and its motion sensor system, Kinect. The team has reviewed the use of this technology in the rehabilitation arena and concludes from their analysis, that the system has a positive role to play.

Ivo Pedro Gonzalez Junior, Fábio Madureira Garcia, Karla Souza Caggy Costa da Silva, Fernanda Xavier Ferreira, Jaqueline Ribeiro da Silva and Wylena Monteiro das Chagas of the Faculdade Adventista da Bahia, Brazil, point out that there have been many advances in the techniques, methods, resources, and instruments used to enable improvements in patient treatment and to reduce the time taken for an individual to return to “normal” life following injury, accident, surgery, or acute medical condition, such as non-lethal cerebral or spinal stroke.

The team points out that the games available promote movement, particular of the upper limbs and upper body, but perhaps more importantly than that “games tend to make patients momentarily forget their limitations and move motivated by the fun and immersive factor.” This is a crucial insight into the development and further implementation of gaming technology for physiotherapy in a wide range of conditions. Moreover, where conventional physiotherapy may be perceived as a boring necessity and see many patients skip sessions through lack of motivation, the gaming approach could, for many, avoid the sinking into apathy and provide its own motivation for engaging with the therapy and improving patient outcomes.

Gonzalez Jr., I.P., Garcia, F.M., da Silva, K.S.C.C., Ferreira, F.X., da Silva, J.R. and das Chagas, W.M. (2018) ‘A review of the use of new technologies in physical therapy rehabilitation: possibilities and challenges with Xbox and kinect‘, Int. J. Auditing Technology, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp.1-15.

26 June 2019

Research pick: Private targeted advertising - "Privacy-preserving targeted online advertising"

Is it plausible to develop targeted online marketing that does not impinge on the consumer’s privacy? Of course, the dilemma is that in order to show putative customers advertisements that are likely to hit the mark rather than random enticements, the advertiser needs to know something about the putative customer’s interests, tastes, personality, and other factors. Many see the acquisition of such information as worrying and there are now many places where gathering personal and private data would be in breach of local laws.

Writing in the International Journal of Social Computing and Cyber-Physical Systems, a team from India discusses the very possibility of privacy-preserving, but nevertheless, targeted advertising. Ainish Dave, Hardik Gajera, and Manik Lal Das of DA-IICT, in Gandhinagar, India, explain that targeted advertising is very attractive to sellers, because its success is likely to be greater than non-targeted, almost advertising. They too worry about a consumer’s private data getting into the hands of third parties. As such, they are developing a new model for targeting that does not compromise one’s privacy.

In the new approach, only keywords are extracted from the user’s browser history and these are encrypted homomorphically before being stored within the system to allow a targeted advertisement to be selected for that user without their personal data being acquired and stored on the advertising company’s servers and without anyone actually knowing what keywords were used to pull in the advertisement. Tests so far show that it is efficient and practical even when compared to other available advertising technology. “The security analysis of the proposed scheme shows that the scheme is secure with the hardness assumption of approximate-GCD problem, which is an intractable problem,” the team reports.

Dave, A., Gajera, H. and Das, M.L. (2019) ‘Privacy-preserving targeted online advertising‘, Int. J. Social Computing and Cyber-Physical Systems, Vol. 2, No. 2, pp.132-145.

25 June 2019

Research pick: How does science feed patents? - "How patent experts create patent breadth"

Science feeds into patents and thence to economic growth. However, our understanding of the details of this transformation is limited. An analysis of twelve scientific discoveries carried out using an inductive grounded theory approach aims to fill the gaps. Karin Beukel of the Unit for Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Management, in the Department for Food and Resource Economics, at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark, explains all in the International Journal of Intellectual Property Management.

Beukel recasts the relationship between scientific discovery and patent showing that there are particular processes that affect “patent breadth”. Patenting experts can exploit the surplus patent breadth depending on the abstraction and cognitive variety within the patent. Her findings confirm that science acts as an input for technological advances, as one might expect. However, it has to be underpinned by foundations that allow the discovery to be explored and exploited.

Fundamentally, says Beukel, “the direction of how to exploit a scientific invention must be determined early in the process, immediately after scientific discovery, in order to guide the inventor and IP owner through the patent examination process.” Many years of anecdote suggests that this is indeed the case.

The research also shows that academia is not always best suited to the processing of scientific discovery to patent and that academic scientists, often through lack of awareness and knowledge of the patent process, will take a fragmented approach to sealing their intellectual property in a patent. This can mean less than great success for the invention or even failure, but also in a more esoteric sense a simple lack of patent breadth that means the potential of the discovery is not exploited to the full.

Beukel, K. (2019) ‘How patent experts create patent breadth‘, Int. J. Intellectual Property Management, Vol. 9, No. 2, pp.91-119.

21 June 2019

Special issue published: "Cyberspace Security Protection, Risk Assessment and Management"

International Journal of Computational Science and Engineering 19(2) 2019


  • Hybrid design for cloud data security using combination of AES, ECC and LSB steganography
  • CSCAC: one constant-size CPABE access control scheme in trusted execution environment
  • Recognising continuous emotions in dialogues based on DISfluencies and non-verbal vocalisation features for a safer network environment
  • PM-LPDR: a prediction model for lost packets based on data reconstruction on lossy links in sensor networks
  • An information network security policy learning algorithm based on Sarsa with optimistic initial values
  • Evaluation of borrower's credit of P2P loan based on adaptive particle swarm optimisation BP neural network
  • An approach for public cloud trustworthiness assessment based on users' evaluation and performance indicators
  • A novel computational model for SRAM PUF min-entropy estimation
  • Design of DDoS attack detection system based on intelligent bee colony algorithm
  • LWE-based multi-authority attribute-based encryption scheme with hidden policies
  • A secure hierarchical community detection algorithm
  • Efficient security credential management for named data networking
  • A network traffic-aware mobile application recommendation system based on network traffic cost consideration
Additional papers
  • Pseudo Zernike moments-based approach for text detection and localisation from lecture videos
  • Optimisation model of price changes after knowledge transfer in the big data environment
  • Kernel-based tensor discriminant analysis with fuzzy fusion for face recognition
  • A blind image watermarking algorithm based on amalgamation domain method

Research pick: Spotting the bot on the move - "Mobile botnets detection based on machine learning over system calls"

Researchers from Brazil and Portugal are developing the tools to detect malicious networks, botnets, on mobile phones based on machine learning. They provide details in the International Journal of Security and Networks.

A botnet is defined as an ad hoc network of Internet-connected devices control of which is usually taken for malicious purposes. Often a botnet controller will use the network to carry out a distributed denial-of-service attack (DDoS attack) on another system, which might allow them to then gain access to the upper echelons or a corporate network, government computers, or other important data stores. They can use a botnet to steal data from organizations or individuals send spam and carry out phishing attacks to compromise many users’ email accounts, bank websites, and more.

Mobile internet devices, such as smartphones and tablet computers, are now almost ubiquitous, and so have become common targets for those who wish to exploit the vulnerabilities of such devices for criminal or malicious intent through the surreptitious recruitment of those devices into a botnet. Staying ahead of the malware so that devices are protected from attack and being taken over requires sophisticated defence technology.

The Brazilian team has found that it can achieve a high performance of some 84% in detecting botnet activity based on the similarity of “system calls” from different pieces of malware that would otherwise exploit a mobile device. The machine learning requires it to examine only 19 features of putative botnet characteristics, which makes it much faster than the prototype algorithm which needed 133 parameters. This means that the presence of a botnet can be detected within a second and so be blocked very quickly by associated protective software on the device before any real damage is done.

Turrisi da Costa, V.G., Barbon Jr., S., Miani, R.S., Rodrigues, J.J.P.C. and Zarpelão, B.B. (2019) ‘Mobile botnets detection based on machine learning over system calls‘, Int. J. Security and Networks, Vol. 14, No. 2, pp.103-118.

20 June 2019

Research pick: Crowdfunding your wine cellar - "Crowdfunding in wine business as financing opportunity for smaller wineries"

Crowdfunding in the wine business could represent a useful opportunity for small wineries, allowing them to garner the necessary funds to make their speciality product for a discerning and engaged clientele.

Giuseppe Festa, Gerardino Metallo, and Maria Teresa Cuomo of the Department of Economic and Statistical Sciences at the University of Salerno, in Salerno, Italy and Mario Situm of the Institute for Corporate Restructuring, at FH Kufstein Tirol University of Applied Sciences, in Kufstein, Austria, address the notion in the International Journal of Globalisation and Small Business.

Crowdfunding is the practice of financing a venture through raising small amounts of money from a lot of people, usually via social media and the Internet. It has been used by authors, musicians, artists, scientists, charities, and organizations very successfully. The incentives for the funders can vary enormously and are often correlated with the size of their donation. For example, an author might crowdfund the publication of their book and offer smaller donors a free copy of the published first edition, a slightly bigger donation might get the donor a signed copy, bigger still and additional materials and merchandise might be offered or perhaps access to “secret” details, such as videos or short stories or background essays from the author. Sometimes, there might be an opportunity to receive a credit in the publication for a large donation or perhaps the opportunity to meet the author.

The extension of such a concept to winemaking has obvious benefits. The small winery gets the necessary funding to grow their grapes and make their wine. The donors get to drink the wine they helped make and perhaps get a tour of the vineyard, they might also have the opportunity of a share of the profits instead of the wine. There are a limited number of crowdfunding sites aimed at wineries and their consumers. However, the concept is expanding in offering donors involvement, engagement, and commitment at different levels

The researchers caution that in this relatively new world of wine crowdfunding, those involved at the winery side, the wine entrepreneurs and managers, need to constantly provide and communicating effectively with their donors to ensure positive sentiment and ongoing commitment, especially given that wine-making is not a one-off event as publishing a book might be, but an annual task.

Festa, G., Metallo, G., Cuomo, M.T. and Situm, M. (2019) ‘Crowdfunding in wine business as financing opportunity for smaller wineries‘, Int. J. Globalisation and Small Business, Vol. 10, No. 3, pp.278-292.

19 June 2019

International Journal of Information Technology, Communications and Convergence to invite expanded papers from 7th International Conference on Wireless Networks and Mobile Communications for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the 7th International Conference on Wireless Networks and Mobile Communications (29 October - 1 November, 2019, Fez, Morocco) will be invited for review and potential publication by the International Journal of Information Technology, Communications and Convergence.

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Logistics Economics and Globalisation

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Logistics Economics and Globalisation are now available here for free:
  • Trade concentration and dynamics of the Norwegian imports: an application of R-MANOVA model
  • How logistics performance promote the international trade volume? A comparative analysis of developing and developed countries
  • Enablers of warning and recovery capabilities in supply chains: an empirical study
  • Determinants of profitability in the Indian logistics industry
  • Reverse logistics operations in a pharmaceutical retail environment

Special issue published: "Emerging Learning Tools and Approaches"

International Journal of Services and Standards 12(3/4) 2018

  • Examining a WeChat-supported 5E-flipped classroom pedagogical approach
  • Using wine appreciation apps for students to study wines
  • Technological, institutional and situational influences on student persistence
  • Guiding principles of visual-based programming for children's language learning
  • Implementing learning analytics in higher education: the case of Asia
Additional papers
  • The impact of ICT on financial inclusion: evidence from Arab countries
  • Managing expatriate knowledge sharing process: the roles of source and recipient contexts
  • Exploring the service recovery landscape through the lens of a systemigram

Research pick: Spinning star scientists - "Impact of regional systems of innovation on the formation of university spin-offs by biomedical star scientists"

Scientists at a research university often play a formative role in the commercialization of intellectual property and inventions emerging from their laboratories. Often, the “spinning off” of a startup company will be to the benefit of society as a whole particularly in the biomedical research areas where innovation might have a significant impact on human health.

Writing in the International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, V.J. Thomas of the School of Business at The University of the Fraser Valley, in Abbotsford, British Columbia, and Elicia Maine of the Beedie School of Business at Simon Fraser University, in Vancouver, Canada, discuss the impact of regional startups on innovation when those scientists are star players in their field. They point out that regional effects can promote or restrain those star scientists to the benefit or detriment of the spinoff company and that such effects must be managed if entrepreneurship is to be fostered.

The research points to four recommendations for fostering spinoffs. First, there needs to be a focus on developing technology transfer and intellectual property policies that support inventors and align the long-term interests of the scientist-entrepreneur, the university and the regional system of innovation. Secondly, there has to be targeted funding for faculty and student research with commercial potential. Thirdly, research partnerships with local anchor companies must be built to generate positive feedback loops. Finally, encourage an entrepreneurial mindset should be encouraged among science, technology, engineering, and medical (STEM) students through entrepreneurship training and business plan competitions.

“Developing an entrepreneurial culture within universities can contribute not just to university spin-off formation but can fuel growth in the regional, national and global economy,” the team writes.

Thomas, V.J. and Maine, E. (2019) ‘Impact of regional systems of innovation on the formation of university spin-offs by biomedical star scientists‘, Int. J. Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 37, No. 2, pp.271-287.

18 June 2019

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Auditing Technology

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Auditing Technology are now available here for free:
  • The US$ 2.1 billion derivative loss that ruined the Brazilian Aracruz
  • Innovation networks: the effects of collaboration in the oil and gas industries
  • Firm's financial risk vulnerability: evidence from Nigeria
  • Triple entry ledgers with blockchain for auditing

Special issue published: "Decision Support Systems in Commerce, Logistics and Transportation"

International Journal of Decision Support Systems 3(3/4) 2018

  • Using Kano's model to incorporate Six Sigma analysis in customer satisfaction measurement
  • A multicriteria decision support approach for redesigning e-learning systems
  • Identifying risks factors of students' failure in e-learning systems: towards a warning system
  • Decision support systems for strategic information systems planning: an approach for logistics strategic management
  • Analysis of gas pipeline system from a European energy security perspective
  • Diving into online ratings to determine hotels' improvement priorities
  • Ground enhancing compound selection using genetic programming

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Manufacturing Technology and Management are now available here for free:
  • New industrial platforms and radical technology foresight: the case of 3D printing in Finland and Europe
  • Industrial 3D printing in Italy
  • How do fab-spaces enable entrepreneurship? Case studies of 'makers' - entrepreneurs
  • The cash is in the medium, not in the machine: toward the golden moments of 3D printing

Research pick: Shields up to beat global warming - "Efficiency evaluation of huge space shield for mitigating global warming"

Might an enormous orbiting “shield” be one way to combat the rising temperatures around the world caused by elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide levels? Writing in the International Journal of Global Warming, a team in China has done the calculations and they suggest it might be possible to lower average global temperatures by a third of a degree Celsius with such a shield. This could have a significant, low-cost impact on climate change when we consider that fractions of a degree rises in temperature are already causing serious problems at the Earth’s extreme environments.

Jie He of the School of Mechanical Engineering, at Xi’an Aeronautical University, in Shaanxi and Fei Zheng of the School of Electromechanical Engineering, at Xidian University also in Shaanxi, outline the details in their paper. There have been numerous suggestions for how we might combat the effects of rising atmospheric carbon concentrations due to the ever-increasing industrialization of the world and our seemingly insatiable appetite for burning fossil fuels whether coal, oil, or natural gas.

Many of the schemes involving taxing emissions to make it prohibitively expensive to burn fossil fuels. Other approaches involve finding ways to sequester carbon dioxide from exhaust gases or the atmosphere as a whole. There are schemes where developed nations can offset their carbon emissions by financing more sustainable options – wind, solar, geothermal, hydroelectric – in the developing world. Large-scale engineering – geo-engineering – also has its schemes for reversing the effects by seeding the oceans with iron to help cultivate algae that can absorb carbon dioxide.

Then, there is the off-planet approach being addressed by He and Zheng. At first, such a scheme – essentially putting in place a giant parasol to shield our planet to some degree from the sun – seems farfetched, the stuff of futuristic science fiction and yet it has many merits, the team argues. The team has tested successfully a much-reduced scale model of such a shield, just 2 metres in diameter. The concept of the shield being a controllable spacecraft that shifts in its orbit depending on what region of the planet needs shielding at a given time over the course of the day will be considered in future work.

He, J. and Zheng, F. (2019) ‘Efficiency evaluation of huge space shield for mitigating global warming‘, Int. J. Global Warming, Vol. 18, No. 1, pp.1-15.

14 June 2019

International Journal of Grid and Utility Computing to invite expanded papers from International Conference on International Conference on Information Management & Machine Intelligence (ICIMMI-2019) for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the International Conference on International Conference on Information Management & Machine Intelligence (ICIMMI-2019) (14-15 December 2019, Poornima Institute of Engineering & Technology, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India) will be invited for review and potential publication by the International Journal of Grid and Utility Computing.

Research pick: Surgical Skype - "Post-surgical continuity of care from home using social media in a resource limited country"

In a country with limited resources, might social media be useful in the post-surgical care of patients in their own homes? That is the question researchers from India hope to answer with their research just published in the International Journal of Telemedicine and Clinical Practices.

Naval Bansal of Fortis, in Mohali, India, and colleagues Sanjay Kumar Yadav, Saroj Kanta Mishra, Gyan Chand, Anjali Mishra, Gaurav Agarwal, Amit Agarwal, and Ashok Kumar Verma of the Department of Endocrine Surgery, at the Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences, in Lucknow, India, discuss their feasibility study in this context. The team followed more than one hundred thyroidectomy patients who were offered some of their follow-up care via Microsoft’s well-known voice over internet (VoIP) application, Skype. In detail, 76 of the patients had Internet access and of those 51 opted for conventional follow up and 25 patients consented to have tele-follow up using the software.

The team found that distance from the treating hospital was the most significant factor in choosing Skype follow up. Moreover, those who opted for Skype tended to be better educated, with a degree or postgraduate degree. Everyone who opted for Skype follow-up saved money and work days by avoiding the need to take time to re-visit the hospital. “Even in resource constrained countries, social media can provide an alternative mode of healthcare delivery,” the team suggests. There remains a need to instill confidence in such an approach for the less well-educated and for those who see face-to-face care as a better choice.

Of course, there will be times when a Skype follow-up would be inadequate at which times patients would have to visit their healthcare worker or receive physical as opposed to virtual care in their home.

Bansal, N., Yadav, S.K., Mishra, S.K., Chand, G., Mishra, A., Agarwal, G., Agarwal, A. and Verma, A.K. (2019) ‘Post-surgical continuity of care from home using social media in a resource limited country‘, Int. J. Telemedicine and Clinical Practices, Vol. 3, No. 2, pp.156-164.

13 June 2019

Research pick: How trustworthy is that website? - "Trust evaluation of websites: a comprehensive study"

The internet is ubiquitous and for many people it is part of every aspect of their everyday lives from news and information to finding their way around a new city and from emailing close friends to finding a partner. But, how do we know which websites on the internet are trustworthy in so many different contexts?

Writing in the International Journal of Advanced Intelligence Paradigms, Himani Bansal of the Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, in Noida, Uttar Pradesh, India and Shruti Kohli of DWP Digital, in London, UK, suggest that a template is needed to assess the validity of information, this could be a matter of life or death with respect to medication information, they add.

The team has assimilated data from a range of websites that are classified by an external website as being “similar”. They have then aggregated all of the behaviour around those websites and analysed that data to see how the different sites are perceived by the users. They compared their scores for a website’s trustworthiness with assessments of the same websites made by others independently using different tools.

Trust is an essential factor in any relationship if it is to be a positive one and if it is to thrive. There is at the moment no common tool for assessing the trustworthiness of a website. The new approach taken in the present papers offers an alternative that may well allow us to validate websites objectively. Such a system might be interlaced with a search engine or be incorporated into a browser plugin or extension that would offer the user information about the trustworthiness of a site they intend to use.

Bansal, H. and Kohli, S. (2019) ‘Trust evaluation of websites: a comprehensive study‘, Int. J. Advanced Intelligence Paradigms, Vol. 13, Nos. 1/2, pp.101-112.

12 June 2019

World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development to invite expanded papers from International Conference on Sustainable Development in Energy and Environment (ICSDEE'19) for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the International Conference on Sustainable Development in Energy and Environment (ICSDEE'19) (18-20 July 2019, Kamaraj College of Engineering and Technology, Madurai, India) will be invited for review and potential publication by the World Review of Science, Technology and Sustainable Development.

Special issue published: "Modelling and Control"

International Journal of Computer Applications in Technology 60(2) 2019

  • Modelling, simulation and control of a class of hybrid dynamic systems: using hybrid automaton, APROS and mixed integer quadratic optimisation algorithm
  • Towards compact swarm intelligence: a new compact firefly optimisation technique
  • Intelligent power system controller design
  • Hybrid chaotic synchronisation between identical and non-identical fractional-order systems
  • Sensorless high-order sliding modes vector control for induction motor drive with a new adaptive speed observer using super-twisting strategy
  • Novel adaptive iterative observer based on integral backstepping control of a wearable robotic exoskeleton
  • Chaos synchronisation of two different PMSMs via a fractional-order sliding mode controller
  • Secure communication scheme using chaotic time-varying delayed system

Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal to invite expanded papers from 5th Ibero-American Congress on Entrepreneurship, Energy, Environment and Technology for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the 5th Ibero-American Congress on Entrepreneurship, Energy, Environment and Technology (CIEEMAT2019) (11-13 September 2019, Portalegre, Portugal) will be invited for review and potential publication by Progress in Industrial Ecology, An International Journal.

Research pick: Julia set encrypts sensitive photos - "A novel encryption compression scheme using Julia sets"

In the late 1980s, Chaos Theory came to the fore in the realm of science popularisation. Strange attractors and the so-called butterfly effect became a part of modern culture. The science was often lost in the wake of beautiful artful representations of the mathematics in the form of colourful fractals that were generated on the computer and revealed the spiralling infinities within. Terms such as the Julia set and the Mandelbrot were scattered around as butterfly wings on the breeze.

Of course, the public fascination may have dwindled as the next trendy discovery came along, but scientists keep working on such things, following the threads that might lead to a new discovery within the coils of those fractals. Now, writing in the International Journal of Advanced Intelligence Paradigms, a team reports how they have used Julia sets and a logistic map to devise a new way to compress and encrypt digital information based on fractals.

Bhagwati Prasad and Kunti Mishra of the Department of Mathematics, at Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, in Noida, India, suggest that their success with their proposal could open up a new efficient and secure way to send confidential images, such as those from medical imaging, military, and other multimedia applications.

The team has demonstrated proof of principle with their approach using various medical images, including a conventional chest X-ray, an MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan, and a CT (computerised tomography) scan. For these images they were able to compress and encrypt the files by almost ten times.

Prasad, B. and Mishra, K. (2019) ‘A novel encryption compression scheme using Julia sets‘, Int. J. Advanced Intelligence Paradigms, Vol. 13, Nos. 1/2, pp.8-14.

11 June 2019

International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets to invite expanded papers from 2nd International Conference on "Frontiers of Operations Research & Business Studies (FORBS 2019)" for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the 2nd International Conference on "Frontiers of Operations Research & Business Studies (FORBS 2019)" (27-28 December 2019, Calcutta Business School, West Bengal, India) will be invited for review and potential publication by the International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets.

New Editor for International Journal of Aerospace System Science and Engineering

Prof. Prof. Hamid Reza Karimi from Politecnico di Milano in Italy has been appointed to take over editorship of the International Journal of Aerospace System Science and Engineering.

First issue: International Journal of Nuclear Safety and Security (free sample issue available)

Three Mile Island, Chernobyl, Fukushima: for the third time, a nuclear power plant suffered a serious accident, precipitating a global review of the way to govern nuclear safety and security. From these accidents, the international community must learn in order to improve international co-operation, both in terms of crisis management and prevention of risks. The International Journal of Nuclear Safety and Security provides an invaluable opportunity to exchange information on the implications of safe and secure operation of nuclear power plants and approaches taken by countries worldwide.

There is a free download of the papers from this first issue.

Research pick: Collective learning online - "The role of social media in collective learning"

Is there a valuable role that social media can play in education? Writing in the International Journal of Innovation and Learning, a research team from Malaysia and Thailand discuss the advent of e-learning and its growth in the early part of this century.

“E-learning combines modern interactive learning methods with knowledge management methods that provide better evaluation of knowledge,” they explain. They add that “Social media has brought revolutionary new ways of interacting, participating, cooperating and collaborating which involve users generating content and connecting with people through a ‘many-to-many’, rather than the traditional ‘one-to-many’, communication approach.”

The question then arises as to what the interplay between e-learning and social media acceptance and use look like. Khalid Abdul Wahid of the Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) in Kelantan, Malaysia, working with colleague Wan Saiful ‘Azzam Wan Ismail there and Haruthai Numprasertchai of Kasetsart University, in Bangkok, Thailand, hoped to lay bare the connections. Fundamentally, their survey of 359 students in Malaysia shows that:

“All antecedents of technology acceptance which included performance expectancy, effort expectancy and facilitating condition have positive significant effect on collective learning except social influence.”

The team points out that universities must provide sufficient infrastructure and those people working around students need to recognise just how much time students spend online. Importantly, students are accessing the internet on campus, but many spend more time online than in face-to-face classes. This has become a normalized scenario and thus it is important that the information and communications technology is in place to support this shift in attitude and activity.

Wahid, K.A., Ismail, W.S.A.W. and Numprasertchai, H. (2019) ‘The role of social media in collective learning’, Int. J. Innovation and Learning, Vol. 25, No. 4, pp.363–376.

10 June 2019

Inderscience journals to invite expanded papers from 3rd International Scientific Conference on Business and Economics for potential publication

Extended versions of papers presented at the 3rd International Scientific Conference on Business and Economics (ISCBE) (13-15 June 2019, Skopje, North Macedonia) will be invited for review and potential publication by the following journals:

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Vehicle Design

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Vehicle Design are now available here for free:
  • Advanced approach for layshaft gear set synthesis
  • Estimation of road transport vehicle dynamic characteristics using random decrement analysis and on-the-road vibration data
  • Estimation of tyre forces using smart tyre sensors and artificial intelligence
  • Matching and optimising analysis of multi-axle steering vehicle steering system
  • Vehicle subsystems' energy losses and model-based approach for fuel efficiency estimation towards an integrated optimisation
  • On crashworthiness design of double conical structures under oblique load
  • Hybrid powertrain efficiency improvement by using electromagnetically controlled double-clutch transmission

Special issue published: "Financial Resources for SMEs: From Bank Loans to Venture Capitalist Support. The Old and the New Ways to Raise Capital for Smaller Firms"

International Journal of Globalisation and Small Business 10(3) 2019

  • When do subsidies facilitate high-tech firms' access to venture capital? An examination of cross-national and national grants
  • How did the global financial crisis impact the determinants of SMEs' capital structure?
  • Venture capitalists and value creation: the role of informal investors in the growth of smaller European firms
  • Smaller firms and public equity: new platforms with old problems
  • Crowdfunding in wine business as financing opportunity for smaller wineries

Free open access article available: "Investigating radio-frequency identification usage behaviours and organisational performance according to factors of user perception"

The following paper, "Investigating radio-frequency identification usage behaviours and organisational performance according to factors of user perception" (International Journal of Services Technology and Management 25(3/4) 2019) is freely available for download as an open access article.

It can be downloaded via the full-text link available here.

9 June 2019

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Tourism Policy

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Tourism Policy are now available here for free:
  • Reviewing articles for tourism and hospitality journals: an altruistic academic tradition or a service to be paid for?
  • Determinants of profitability in the Greek tourism sector - assessing the effect of the crisis
  • Economic valuation of the tourist spots in Bangladesh
  • Impact of economic factors and a political conflict on international tourism demand in Nepal: a vector error correction model
  • Tourism and energy use in lodges and camps in the Okavango Delta, Botswana

Special issue published: "Digital Innovation and Intelligence Analysis of E-Business Collaborations and Societal Challenges"

International Journal of Intelligent Enterprise 6(1) 2019

  • Fuzzy association rule mining for economic development indicators
  • Clustering of text documents with keyword weighting function
  • Heterogeneous network security management
  • Integrating the power of social media dataset impact in medical diagnosis
  • Design of interleaved flyback converter
Additional papers
  • Solving quadratic assignment problem by symbiotic organisms search algorithm
  • Gandhian management perspective for enhancing productivity and innovation in public sector organisation

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Islamic Marketing and Branding

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Islamic Marketing and Branding are now available here for free:
  • The current state of Muslim-friendly tourism policies in non-Islamic countries: an exploratory study of Korea's approach
  • Factors affecting small and medium family businesses' internationalisation in Saudi Arabia
  • Halal packaging and certification in India: issues and challenges
  • Islamic marketing mix: is there a role for Islamic-based strategies?
  • Islamic Branding as a Tool for Customer Retention: Antecedents and Consequences of Islamic brand loyalty

Special issue: "Service-Oriented Software Architecture and Assessment in the Future IoT Environment" [includes free OA article]

International Journal of Services Technology and Management 25(3/4) 2019

  • Investigating radio-frequency identification usage behaviours and organisational performance according to factors of user perception [Open Access article]
  • A study on medical information leakage protection to construct a trustworthy medical service oriented architecture in IoT environment: case study of medical tour service in South Korea
  • A position revision method by path-loss factor in wireless sensor node deployment
  • SaaS level database integration in cloud environment through database as a service
  • Feature models as service contracts in service oriented architecture
  • Identity evaluation of moving vehicles tracking using hue and slope value on wireless sensor network
  • The five-year effects of physical activity and sedentary behaviour on chronic disease morbidity of Chinese adults
  • A study on the computational thinking-based SW education and problem solving related procedures
  • Discovering objects and services in context-aware IoT environments
  • Analysing prior research to improve business performance in the IoT industry
  • Knowledge-based service oriented architecture for automotive product development: South East Asia scenario
Additional papers
  • A game theoretical analysis of the 'going global' strategy of Chinese high-speed railway
  • Disruptive online service innovation in the presence of competition among disruptors: the case of 3rd-party online payment

8 June 2019

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Intelligent Enterprise

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Intelligent Enterprise are now available here for free:
  • Supply chain risk management and quality: a case study and analysis of Indian automotive industry
  • A practical quality management system implementation framework for small-sized companies
  • Coordination quality index: a metric for measuring the quality of coordination efforts in humanitarian supply chain
  • Sustainable supplier selection by way of managing knowledge: a case of the automotive industry
  • Adoption of sustainable supply operation quality practices and their impact on stakeholder's performance and sustainable performance for sustainable competitiveness in Indian manufacturing companies
  • Assessment of top management leadership and commitment to improve perishable food supply chain quality
  • Managing welfare driven supply chains: insights from the Indian PDS
  • Developing the preferred supplier relationships - a case study
  • An insight into centralised sourcing strategy for enhancing performance and sustainability of multi-tier supply network
  • Exploring environmental sustainability in the food service supply chains

Free open access article available: "On the quality of unsupported overhangs produced by laser powder bed fusion"

The following paper, "On the quality of unsupported overhangs produced by laser powder bed fusion" (International Journal of Manufacturing Research 14(2) 2019) is freely available for download as an open access article.

It can be downloaded via the full-text link available here.

Special issue published: "Artificial Intelligent Techniques Applied to the Study of Engineering Applications: Part II"

International Journal of Reasoning-based Intelligent Systems 11(2) 2019

  • Identification of person or data using modified square blockwise approach
  • A secured cloud storage auditing with empirical outsourcing of key updates
  • Stimulated RR MAC protocol for power efficient wireless sensor networks
  • Students' performance analysis system using cumulative predictor algorithm
  • A hybrid algorithm for efficient task scheduling in cloud computing environment
  • A survey on contrastive opinion summarisation
  • Analysis of heuristic-based multilevel thresholding methods for image segmentation using R programming
  • Aggregated clustering for grouping of users based on web page navigation behaviour
  • Unified dynamic texture segmentation system based on local and global spatiotemporal techniques
  • Evaluation of worker quality in crowdsourcing system on Hadoop platform
  • Design and implementation of finite state machine using quantum-dot cellular automata
  • Enhanced H-ABE-R and T-ABKS for cloud computing environment

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Space-Based and Situated Computing

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Space-Based and Situated Computing are now available here for free:
  • A holding access-point assignment algorithm for IEEE802.11 wireless local-area networks
  • Cooperative and priority based on dynamic resource adaptation method in wireless network
  • Data-centric communication strategy for wireless sensor networks
  • Non-transferable proxy re-encryption for multiple groups
  • Implementation of information collecting tools using mobile terminals useful for efficient infrastructure maintenance
  • Incentive mechanisms for promoting D2D communications in cellular networks

7 June 2019

Special issue published: "Marketing in the E-Landscape: Models, Concepts and Practices"

International Journal of Technology Marketing 13(1) 2018

  • Measuring and managing organisations' social media climate: the social media climate index
  • Online trust and the importance of interaction
  • International expansion of retailers: the role of technical expertise, alliances and allocation of resources in economic crises
Additional paper
  • An empirical study of factors determining wearable fitness tracker continuance among actual users

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Environmental Engineering

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Environmental Engineering are now available here for free:
  • Sources and cancer risks assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in particulate matter and surface soils in Kunming, China
  • Remote monitoring of urban flooding based on the warning system of INEA-RJ, Brazil
  • Assessment of water quality parameters of Bhalswa Lake in New Delhi
  • Optimisation of coagulation (poly iron chloride) process for partially stabilised leachate using response surface methodology
  • Formation, properties and revegetation prospects for bauxite processing residue and the effects of seawater neutralisation
  • Removal of cyanide and copper simultaneously from cyanide barren solution

New Editor for International Journal of Power Electronics

Dr. Dinesh Kumar from Danfoss Drives A/S in Denmark has been appointed to take over editorship of the International Journal of Power Electronics.

Research pick: Sewage sludge down on the farm - "Potential benefits and risk assessments of using sewage sludge on soil and plants: a review"

The phrase “sewage farm” may have fallen from favour and been replaced with terms such as waste water treatment works and the like. But, the origin of that archaic phrase refers very directly to the fact that partly processed human waste was at one time commonly used as agriculture fertiliser on farmland close to such a treatment works.

Majeed Ali, Talaat Ahmed and Mohammad A. Al-Ghouti of the Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, at Qatar University, in Doha, Qatar, discuss the modern potential for using sewage sludge on soil and plants in the International Journal of Environment and Waste Management. The team emphasizes that in their review of approaches to the use of sewage they have found great variation in how the material is used and how much pre-treatment is carried out.

“The fertiliser potential and pollutant risk for applied sewage sludge in agricultural activities must be specifically evaluated for each sludge due to the fact that there is variation in the characteristics of sludges in which they undergo different treatment levels, in addition to the differences in the pollutant nature that is found in the wastewater,” the team writes.

Whereas the old-fashioned sewage farm may have been able to use simply treated raw sewage in an essentially small and closed community. In the modern world of much greater personal mobility and exposure to a wide range of pathogens and pollution from around the world, it is essential that sewage sludge be adequately treated before it can be used as fertilizer. This must be done to eliminate and remove any harmful materials that can negatively affect the environment, human health, soil, and the crops grown with the help of that sludge. The team suggests that there are several viable ways to adequately treat sewage sludge, namely aerobic, anaerobic digestion, and thermal treatment.

Ali, M., Ahmed, T. and Al-Ghouti, M.A. (2019) ‘Potential benefits and risk assessments of using sewage sludge on soil and plants: a review’, Int. J. Environment and Waste Management, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp.352–369.