With concerns over protection at sea at an all-time high and an increasing number of irregular arrivals into Europe and other parts of the world, less focus is being devoted to the nearby regions that migrants and refugees depart from to reach places such as Italy, Australia, etc. Thousands of asylum seekers and refugees live in limbo in countries such as Libya, Indonesia and Turkey, and the notion that they will simply wait until protection is available is being proven wrong by the record levels of irregular arrivals into, for example, Europe. Migrants are also taking advantage of the smuggling services offered in transit countries to either obfuscate regular migration channels or access their only available pathway.
This special issue will offer both contextual and analytical responses to transit migration, and will explore whether this phenomenon that is imagined as being temporary often turns out to be a semi-permanent phase that may, in the case of labour, involve integration into the host country. It may therefore give rise to assumptions that, in transit migration, a whole new group of non-citizen labourers is being “created” – a group that is based on institutionalised exploitation as it lacks the rights enjoyed by citizens.
Suitable topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Transit migration and migrants
- Transit countries, transit space
- Concepts, policy and discourse
- Risk and violence
- Any other suitable topics
Submission of manuscripts: 1 October, 2015