23 May 2016

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Electronic Governance

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Electronic Governance are now available here for free:
  • Simple low cost online monitoring system for municipal waste collection authority of under developing countries
  • Gaps close, gaps open: a repeated cross-sectional study of the scope and determinants of the ethnic digital divide
  • E-parliament services as tools for anti-corruption and transparency
  • Implementing mobile government in Jordan: strategies for success

Inderscience journals to publish expanded papers from International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology

Extended versions of papers presented at the 12th International Conference on Innovations in Information Technology (28-30 November 2016, Al Ain, UAE) will be published by the following journals:

Inderscience is media partner for 7th Process Driven Innovation Conference

Inderscience is a media partner for the 7th Process Driven Innovation Conference (13-15 September 2016, Philadelphia, USA).

The journals involved are:
More information on this event is available here.

Special issue published: "Methodologies, Technologies and Tools Enabling e-Government"

International Journal of Electronic Governance 8(1) 2016
  • On federated single sign-on in e-government interoperability frameworks
  • Federated identity management in e-government: lessons learned and the path forward
  • A methodology for recording, analysing and prioritising public services
  • Towards personal data services: a view on some enabling factors

20 May 2016

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Managerial and Financial Accounting

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Managerial and Financial Accounting are now available here for free:
  • Accounting valuation models under international financial reporting standards: evidence from some European listed companies
  • A study of conversion effect of international financial reporting standards: evidence from Taiwan's banking sector of financial holding company
  • Analysis of the true and fair view concept: an Islamic perspective
  • Effects of working capital management on firm profitability: empirical evidence from Sri Lanka
  • Internal governance mechanisms and value relevance of accounting earnings: an empirical study in the French context

Call for papers: "Mobile Learning Applications and Strategies"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Mobile Learning and Organisation.

This special issue is aimed at publishing empirical studies related to mobile learning applications and strategies in various academic fields. The advancement of personal computing devices, from personal computers to mobile devices, has been gradually changing the landscape of technology-transformed learning. This practice facilitates the incorporation of one-to-one computing into modern education.

Meanwhile, mobile learning and applications open up numerous possibilities for the design and enactment of innovative teaching and learning models and the refinement of pre-existing models, such as perpetual and ubiquitous learning, personalised learning, authentic and contextualised learning, seamless learning, rapid knowledge co-construction, among others. Moreover, this realisation leads to the further empowerment of learners in deciding what, where, when, and how they will learn and develop new knowledge and skills, and whom they will learn with/from. After the initial hype, however, there have been various voices within the researcher community to reassess the theory and practice of one-to-one computing in the classroom and informal learning contexts. Such mobile learning research issues and topics are worth investigating with state-of-the-art technology and knowhow. In particular, feedback of students as well as investigation of instructors who conduct mobile learning in their blended learning courses are welcome.

Suitable topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Theory-driven mobile learning
  • Pedagogy of mobile learning and learning design
  • Cutting-edge constructions of mobile learning infrastructure
  • Government and school policies for mobile learning
  • Socio-cultural perspectives and implications of mobile learning
  • Teachers' professional development for transformation and refinement of pre-existing mobile learning models
  • Mobile learning applications for self-directed, collaborative and socio-constructivist learning
  • Seamless learning-driven theories, infrastructure, pedagogy, practices, parental and community factors
  • Mobile learning on special platforms, e.g., Learn Mode, Web 2.0 tools
  • Effective studies on Bring Your Own Device (BYOD) models
  • Comparative studies between one-to-one, many-to-one, one-to-many, many-to-many and/or hybrid course settings for mobile learning

Important Dates
Submission of manuscripts: 30 September, 2016
Notification to authors: 30 November, 2016
Final versions due: 31 December, 2016

First issue: International Journal of Multinational Corporation Strategy (free sample issue available)

Transforming a domestic firm into a multinational corporation (MNC) innately entails the liabilities of foreignness as firms do not exactly know the actualities of foreign business environments. International business scholars have long been raising the question of why MNCs invest across borders and how they maximise earnings in unfamiliar markets. In the ongoing search for solutions, scholars realise in particular that they need to grapple with appropriate MNC strategies. The International Journal of Multinational Corporation Strategy provides a forum for in-depth exploration of this research area.

There is a free download of the papers from this first issue.

19 May 2016

Electricity and economics

A nation’s electricity consumption has been seen as a useful proxy for measuring economic growth offering a useful alternative to conventional measures such as gross domestic product (GDP) by incorporating the assumption that greater consumption means a better quality of life. However, country-by-country analysis reported in International Journal of Global Energy Issues suggests that this may not necessarily be the case.

Sunderasan Srinivasan and Vamshi Krishna Reddy of Verdurous Solutions Private Limited, based in Mysore, Karnataka, India, have looked at the impact of aggregate electricity provision on all-round socioeconomic development as measured by the Human Development Index (HDI). The team analyzed data from a sample of 21 countries chosen on the basis of average annual HDI scores of 4.00 and above cumulated over the periods 1981–1990, 1990–2000 and 2000–2012.

They found that for four of the countries analyzed, specifically China, Egypt, Morocco and Nepal, there was the expected unidirectional causality linking electricity consumption to human development. However, the reverse was true for five other countries, Algeria, Egypt, Myanmar, Sudan and Yemen. “Despite staggering improvements in energy efficiency of production processes as well as of end-user appliances, growth in emerging economies is as energy-intensive as witnessed among the industrialized nations four decades past,” the team reports. Their new study avoids the limitations of traditional measures of aggregate production and consumption that ignore the effects of economic activity on individuals in whose name the macroeconomy is said to be managed.

“The present study observes that the availability of electricity plays a significant role in achieving development outcomes in a few instances, while developmental outcomes such as higher incomes, themselves drive higher electricity consumption in others,” the team explains. They suggest that if the production-consumption gap can be narrowed by managing technical and commercial losses in transmission and distribution more effectively, human development outcomes could be improved for those nations where a negative impact is seen in their data.

“Our paper takes the argument further to attempt and establish a causal relationship from electricity consumption through HDI to stated “life satisfaction” among citizens in the countries analyzed,” Sunderasan explains.

Srinivasan, S. and Reddy, V. K. (2016) ‘Full Circle: Electricity, Development and Welfare’, Int. J. Global Energy Issues, vol. 39, no. 5, pp.289–304.
via Inderscience – Science Spot http://ift.tt/20ba0DD

Special issue published: "Tackling Enterprise in the Informal Economy"

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business 28(2/3) 2016
  • Tackling enterprise in the informal economy: an introductory overview
  • Determinants of the informal economy of an emerging economy: a multiple indicator, multiple causes approach
  • Explaining participation in informal employment: a social contract perspective
  • Re-theorising the role of the informal economy in Sub-Saharan Africa: some lessons from Gambia
  • Tackling informal entrepreneurship in Ghana: a critical analysis of the dualist/modernist policy approach, some evidence from Accra
  • Beyond the marginalisation thesis: evaluating participation in informal sector entrepreneurship
  • Tackling undeclared entrepreneurship in a transition setting: the case of Croatia
  • Determinants of entrepreneurs' views on the acceptability of tax evasion and the informal economy in Slovakia and Ukraine: an institutional asymmetry approach
  • Contributing and constraining factors faced by women entrepreneurs in the informal sector: a study of Mumbai Metropolitan
  • From Budapest to Berlin - the role of reputation in the market economy
  • Institutional approach and competitive behaviours of informal Ghanaian women entrepreneurs
  • An evaluation of the shadow economy in Baltic states: a tax morale perspective
  • What determines enterprises' technical efficiency? An empirical investigation of informal enterprises in Burkina Faso
  • Tax compliance of small enterprises in Greece

An algorithm for juicier gossip

Today, more and more of us get our news and information from social networking sites, which include the likes of Twitter, Facebook, Google+, LinkedIn and countless others. This runs in obvious parallel with the slow decline of printed magazines and newspapers as well as television being usurped by YouTube and on-demand video streaming services such as Netflix. Our lives are changing as a result.

A new study from the Nanjing Research Institute of Electronics Engineering (NRIEE), in China, suggests that there is now a need to improve exactly how information is spread through online social networking. A “gossip algorithm” could improve the reach and rate at which important, useful or simply entertaining information spreads, Bo Yang and colleagues suggest in the International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing. Their findings are particularly pertinent to the ease with which information can be divested across a mobile social network.

The team has demonstrated how a gossip algorithm can be used to spread information with simplicity and robustness through the 4G-enabled world of smart phone ad hoc social networks that utilise D2D (device to device) technology including LTE Direct and Wi-Fi Direct. The team has successfully tested their protocol under in two typical application scenarios where smart phone users took a random walk. They determined the theoretical upper bounds of how long a piece of information would take to spread to all users in the ad hoc D2D mobile network. “Simulation results indicate that the growth of communication cost is almost linear [as opposed to geometric or exponential growth] when the scale of mobile social networks becomes larger, which is a quite encouraging result for application,” the team reports.

Given just how reliant we are all becoming on continuous and rapid access to information even when we are on the move, the advent of mobile social networks that allow clusters of smart phone users to spread that information efficiently without recourse to all devices interminably sending and receiving data to and from the cellular network and thence the internet will become increasingly important. Yang and his colleagues offer a novel solution in their gossip algorithm for reducing the cellular network overheads.

Yang, B., Liu, D. and Zhang, W. (2016) ‘Information dissemination in mobile social networks with gossip algorithms‘, Int. J. Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing, Vol. 21, No. 4, pp.259-265
via Inderscience – Science Spot http://ift.tt/252gd8w

A slick way to test artificial knees and hips

A new study suggests that natural proteins can be used to effectively test new replacement hip and knee joints in the laboratory. The work could help with improving design in order to reduce wear and tear and increase the lifespan of such prosthetics. Details are reported this week in the International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering.

Belinda Pingguan-Murphy and Subir Ghosh of the University of Malaya, Malaysia, and Dipankar Choudhury of Brno University of Technology, Czech Republic, explain that albumin and globulin proteins are the predominant protein components of the synovial fluid which surrounds healthy joints. Albumin is also the main protein component of egg white and blood plasma. The proteins are also found within the fluid held around our joints by the synovial membrane. They play important roles in the lubrication mechanism of our joints.

The selection of materials for the prosthesis head and cup of a replacement joint relies on the mechanical and surface properties of the materials chosen and how well they take aboard the natural lubricating proteins. Advanced joints use ultra high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) because it is not only flexible but is also resistant to wear. UHMWPE also repels water, it is hydrophobic and this is usually coupled with a ceramic component which is the opposite, hydrophilic, and so makes a perfect sliding partner for least friction.

However, there is always room for improvement in terms of lowering friction and making a prosthetic joint move even more smoothly as well as in terms of extending the lifespan of a joint. Such improvements would give patients a better quality of life as well as extending the time between prosthetic surgery, if a repeat procedure is even an option.

Pingguan-Murphy and colleagues point out that hip and knee replacements tend to fail at a rate of 10 to 12 percent within about ten to fifteen years. Given an aging population and increased life expectancy, such statistics will be an increasing burden on healthcare services and a problem for elderly patients themselves. The team has now investigated the frictional properties, the tribology, of albumin and globulin on ceramic-on-polyethylene hip joint implants.

“Our work seeks to better understand the use of natural lubricant selection in the in vitro [laboratory] testing of potential joints,” explains Pingguan-Murphy. “Many joints which do well in tests fail in practice; and one of the reasons may be the failure to use these natural lubricants in testing, and so failure to mimic the actual tribology in vivo [in a patient],” she explains.

The data point to an improved approach to testing new designs, different materials and different surfaces for prostheses that function better with the body’s natural joint lubricants.

Ghosh, S., Choudhury, D. and Pingguan-Murphy, B. (2016) ‘Lubricating ability of albumin and globulin on artificial joint implants: a tribological perspective‘, Int. J. Surface Science and Engineering, Vol. 10, No. 2, pp.193-206.
via Inderscience – Science Spot http://ift.tt/1TqPJJP

18 May 2016

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Space-Based and Situated Computing

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Space-Based and Situated Computing are now available here for free:
  • Detection of sensitive information leakage in Android applications using signature generation
  • Variable social vector clocks for exploring user interactions in social communication networks
  • Test-bed building process for context-aware peer-to-peer information retrieval evaluation
  • Clone attack detection and data loss prevention in mobile ad hoc networks
  • Investigation of diffracted fields in buildings and wedges: a comparison study

New Editor for International Journal of Intelligent Defence Support Systems

Prof. Chee-Peng Lim from Deakin University in Australia has been appointed to take over editorship of the International Journal of Intelligent Defence Support Systems.

17 May 2016

Special issue published: "Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes: Part II" (includes free OA papers)

International Journal of Environment and Pollution 58(1/2) 2015

Extended versions of papers presented at the 16th International Conferences on Harmonisation within Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling for Regulatory Purposes (HARMO 16).
  • Comparison of the WRF and Sodar derived planetary boundary layer height
  • The FMI emission inventory and source-receptor calculations across Finland's eastern border [OPEN ACCESS]
  • On the effect of the aspect ratio on flow and turbulence over a two-dimensional street canyon
  • A source term estimation method for a nuclear accident using atmospheric dispersion models
  • Analysis and modelling of turbulent fluxes in two different ecosystems in Argentina
  • Temporal trends of spatial correlation within the PM10 time series of the AirBase ambient air quality database [OPEN ACCESS]
  • How does the use of biodiesel affect urban air quality?
  • Mean annual population exposure to atmospheric particulate matter in Poland
  • The effects of trees on micrometeorology in a real street canyon: consequences for local air quality
  • Experiences in dispersion modelling in the development of an air quality management system in Krakow
  • Application of chemical dispersion model during a high ozone episode in South-West Poland

Inderscience journals to publish expanded papers from International Conference on Peaceful and Prosperous South Asia 2017

Extended versions of papers presented at the International Conference on Peaceful and Prosperous South Asia - Opportunities and Challenges (ICSA) 2017 (27-29 March 2017, Uttar Pradesh, India) will be published by the following journals:

Special issue published: "Disaster Information System and Network from Experience of the Great East Japan Earthquake"

International Journal of Space-Based and Situated Computing 6(1) 2016

Extended versions of papers presented at the 7th International Workshop on Disaster and Emergency Information Network Systems (IWDENS-2015) Workshop.
  • Evaluations of commodity WiFi-based multihop access network for disaster recovery
  • Delay tolerant networks-based vehicle-to-vehicle wireless networks for road surveillance systems in local areas
  • A road condition monitoring system using various sensor data in vehicle-to-vehicle communication environment
  • The digital contents management system based on position information initiate fusion of AR and sensor technology
Additional papers
  • A read-write abortion protocol to prevent illegal information flow in role-based access control systems
  • Monitoring and auditing mobile operating systems

First issue: International Journal of Financial Innovation in Banking (free sample issue available)

The International Journal of Financial Innovation in Banking provides a scientific publication outlet for the topic of financial innovation in the economics of banking. It focuses on financial innovation in terms of bank products and services, and bank production processes and organisational forms. This perspective acknowledges the complexity and importance of innovation in the financial intermediation industry. IJFIB aims to foster discussion and research on this fast-growing topic.

There is a free download of the papers from this first issue.

16 May 2016

Special issue published: "Engine Combustion Optimisation and Control"

International Journal of Powertrains 5(2) 2016
  • A control oriented multivariable identification procedure for turbocharged diesel engines
  • Simulation and experimental study on ion current under GDI-HCCI combustion mode
  • Correlation of light-off activity for full size and cored catalyst samples
  • Model-based optimisation and predictive control of a turbocharged diesel engine with variable geometry compressor
  • A control-oriented NOx emissions model for diesel engines

International Journal of Bio-Inspired Computation increases issues

The International Journal of Bio-Inspired Computation has announced that it will be increasing issues from six to eight from 2017 onwards.

Free sample articles newly available from International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics

The following sample articles from the International Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics are now available here for free:
  • Review of the effects of fatigue on performance of laboratory tasks
  • Touchscreen mobile devices and older adults: a usability study
  • Multi-response ergonomic evaluation of female CNC machine operators
  • Individual performance markers and working memory predict supervisory control proficiency and effective use of adaptive automation
  • Flight attendant and pilot perceptions of in-flight events

15 May 2016

Research Picks Extra May 2016

Algal route to biofuels
Two species of marine algae found along the coast of the Indian Ocean can be treated with strong acid to make a third-generation biofuel, according to researchers in Mauritius. Acid break down of Ulva recticulata and Sargassum cristaefolium releases sugars that can be converted to ethanol and made into fuel. This renewable source could become a more efficient way to make biofuel rather than growing fuel crops or treating waste biomass. Such a fuel could help Mauritius meet its fossil fuel reduction aims. The researchers also suggest that there might be applications for the by-products of the process too and this will be investigated.
Jeetah, P., Bholah, B. and Mohee, R. (2016) ‘Bioethanol production from algae’, Int. J. Global Energy Issues, Vol. 39, Nos. 3/4, pp.204–221.

Noisy shades of grey
By focusing on distortion in the greys of an image, researchers can eliminate noise much more effectively than with other approaches. The technique will be important to remote sensing and weather pattern imaging and other areas. The team explains that their algorithm can reduce Gaussian noise, Poisson noise and so-called “salt-and-pepper” noise. Their initial tests demonstrate that the approach is general, powerful and accurate. Fundamentally, the new framework can fix the thresholding problem and improving robustness towards edge signals and so eliminate distortions in grey levels within an image.
Karthikeyan, B., Ballakur, S., Sowvarnica, S., Vaithiyanathan, V., Vinayakaram, N. and Vasanth, G. (2016) ‘Elimination of grey level distortion using multiscale gradient multiplication’, Int. J. Computational Vision and Robotics, Vol. 6, No. 4, pp.369–380.

The realm of mobile business – mBusiness, mMarkets and mServices – is massively fragmented and thus there are many opportunities for improvement as well as openings for new players. However, it is also characterised by many uncertainties that device manufacturers, network operators and service providers must face to take mBusiness forward. New research suggests that end-to-end solutions for customers are key to success and that partnerships that reduce the fragmentation to mutual benefit will improve operations for all players and thus improve the services and products provided which then improves profits.
Ivanochko, I., Gregus, M., Urikova, O. and Masiuk, V. (2015) ‘mBusiness, mMarkets and mServices: exploration of opportunities’, Int. J. Services, Economics and Management, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp.74–93.

Carbon absorbing carbon
Could a hybrid composite of carbon nanotubes and carbon fibres with a vast surface area to volume ratio be used to absorb carbon dioxide with a view to ameliorating some of the negative effects on climate of burning fossil fuels? Researchers in Taiwan have undertaken a study to answer this question. The team has found that by “doping” the nanotubes with nitrogen atoms they can increase absorption significantly. The resulting material might ultimately be developed as a “scrubber” for removing carbon dioxide from the flue gases of fossil-fuel burning factories or power stations.
Chiang, Y-C. and Hsu, W-L. (2016) ‘Carbon dioxide adsorption on nano/micro-scale porous adsorbents’, Int. J. Nanomanufacturing, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp.1–14.

via Inderscience – Science Spot http://ift.tt/1scPmbn