17 September 2014

Special issue published: "Key Topics in Health Informatics"

International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology 15(4) 2014
  • Technology solutions in chronic disease management: the role of 'Social Media'
  • A new approach to design safe and reliable electrical stimulator
  • Medical treatment errors in hospitals: information technology-based concepts to limit their occurrence
  • Biomechanics of hip joint: a review
  • Action fuzzy rule based classifier for analysis of dermatology databases
  • Technological solutions in chronic disease management for monitoring diabetes

16 September 2014

Call for papers: "Experiential and Sensorial Marketing in Hospitality and Tourism"

For a special issue of the Int. J. of Digital Culture and Electronic Tourism.

“Kotler was the first to use and define the term “atmospherics” as the intentional control and structuring of environmental cues, several other researchers had manipulated elements in the environment” […] For Bitner (1990), atmospheric planning can make the difference between a business success or failure. […] Terms atmospherics, shelf space studies, environmental psychology, and servicescapes all have been used in the literature.” (Turley and Milliman, 2000)

Experiential and sensorial marketing concerns not only stores (the subject of several previous studies), but also can concern services, particularly in the case of hospitality and tourism. Services companies, especially in the hospitality and tourism sector, have to be aware of their experiential and sensorial strategy.

This special issue is aimed at researchers who wish to contribute to the growing – but still scant – literature on experiential and sensorial marketing in hospitality and tourism. It provides an excellent opportunity to publish relevant papers which focus on theoretical and applied research that will enhance our understanding of the subject.

Submitted papers can be conceptual, literature reviews or empirical, qualitative or quantitative studies.

The issue will carry revised and substantially extended versions of selected papers presented at the 3rd International Academic Conference on Management and Marketing of Tourism, but we also strongly encourage researchers unable to participate in the conference to submit articles for this call.

Baker, J. Parasuraman A., Grewal, D. and Voss, G. (2002), "The influence of multiple store environment cues on perceived merchandise value and patronage intentions", Journal of Marketing, Vol.66, April, pp. 120 - 141.
Berry, L.L (1999), Discovering the soul of service, New York Free Press.
Bigné J.E, Mattila A.S., Andreu L. (2008), The impact of experiential consumption cognitions and emotions on behavioural intentions, Journal of Services Marketing, 22, 4, 303-315.
Bitner, M.J. (1990), "Evaluating Service Encounters: The effects of physical surroundings and employee responses", Journal of Marketing, Vol.54, April, pp.69-82.
Bitner, M.J. (1992), "Servicescapes: The impact of physical surroundings on customers and employees,Journal of Marketing, Vol.56, April, pp.57-71.
Booms, B.H. and Bitner, M.J. (1981), Marketing Strategies and Organization Structures for Service Firms, in Donelly J./George W.R. (Hrsg.), Marketing of Services, Chicago 1981.
Brunner-Sperdin A., Peters M., Strobi A. (2012), It is all about the emotional state: Managing tourists' experiences, International Journal of Hospitality Management, 31, 1, 23-30.
Eileen, A. Wall and Leonard, L. Berry (2007), "The Combined Effects of the Physical Environment and Employee Behavior on Customer Perception of Restaurant Service Quality", Cornell Hospitality Quarterly, pp.48, 59.
Goodwin, C. and Gremler, D. (1996), "Friendship over the counter: how social aspects of service encounters influence consumer service loyalty", Advances in Service Marketing and Management, Vol.5, pp. 247-282
Grönroos, C. (1990), "Relationship Approach to Marketing in Service Contexts: The Marketing and Organizational Behavior Interface", Journal of Business Research, Vol.20, N°1, pp. 3-11.
Kotler, P. (1974), "Atmospherics as a marketing tool", Journal of Retailing, Vol.49, N°.4, pp.48-64.
Ladhari R. (2009), Service quality, emotional satisfaction and behavioural intentions: A study in the hotel industry, Managing Service Quality, 19, 3, 308-331.
Musriha. (2012), "Effect of servicescape and employee communication quality on customer loyalty of mandiri bank in Surabaya", Academic Research International, Vol.2, n°1, 229-239
Nguyen, N. and Leblanc, G. (2002), "Contact personnel, physical environment and the perceived corporate image of intangible services by new clients", International Journal of Service Industry Management, Vol.13, N°1, pp.242-262.
Skandrani H., Ben Dahmane Mouelhi N. et Malek F. (2011), Effect of store atmospherics on employees' reactions, International Journal of Retail & Distribution Management, 39, 1, 51 - 67.
Temessek A., Ben Dahmane Mouelhi N. (2013), Social and physical aspects of the service encouter : effects on trust and customer loyalty to the service provider, 6th Conference of the EuroMed Academy of Business Estoril, Lisbonne, Portugal, 23 - 24, Septembre.
Turley, L.W and Milliman, R.E. (2000),"Atmospherics effects on shopping behavior: a review of the experimental evidence", Journal of Business Research, Vol.49, pp. 193 - 211.

Suitable topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Sensorial marketing in hospitality and tourism
  • Experiential marketing in hospitality and tourism
  • Environmental factors (design, architectural and social factors, etc.) in hospitality and tourism
  • Ambient factors (music, odour, colours, etc.) in hospitality and tourism

Important Dates
Submission of manuscripts: 30 July, 2015
Notification to authors: 30 September, 2015
Final versions due: 30 November, 2015

Emotion detector

Face recognition software measures various parameters in a mug shot, such as the distance between the person’s eyes, the height from lip to top of their nose and various other metrics and then compares it with photos of people in the database that have been tagged with a given name. Now, research published in the International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics looks to take that one step further in recognizing the emotion portrayed by a face.

Dev Drume Agrawal, Shiv Ram Dubey and Anand Singh Jalal of the GLA University, in Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India, suggest that the recognition of emotions by future artificial intelligences, in the form of computers or robots, will provide a missing link between the human and machine environments without which appropriate interactions between the two domains may never be entirely successful. The team has taken a three-phase approach to a software emotion detector. The first involves developing an algorithm that can precisely identify and define the features of the human face. The second then analyses the particular positions and shapes of the face. The third phase then associates those features with a person’s emotional state to decide whether they are happy, sad, angry, surprised, fearful or disgusted. Preliminary tests gave a 94 percent success rate the team reports.

While Mehrabian’s 1960s notion that half of human communication is non-verbal has been debunked several times, there remains the fact that facial expressions and body language do convey a lot of information about a person’s thoughts and emotional state. Such information, if it could be interpreted by a computer would allow us to enhance human-computer interactions. Imagine, whimsically, that one’s laptop or smart phone could change the background image or shuffle your music based on whether you had a happy or sad expression. In a more serious setting, the recognition of anger, pent-up aggression, or fear at airport screening might allow suspicious individuals to be channeled sooner rather than later to the security office while those with nothing to hide would be funneled through to the usual physical checks with less delay.

“Our experimental results suggest that the introduced method is able to support more accurate classification of emotion classification from images of faces,” the team says. They add that additional refinements to the classification algorithms will improve their emotion detector still further.

Agrawal, D.D., Dubey, S.R. and Jalal, A.S. (2014) ‘Emotion recognition from facial expressions based on multi-level classification’, Int. J. Computational Vision and Robotics, Vol. 4, No. 4, pp.365–389.

Emotion detector is a post from: David Bradley's Science Spot

via Science Spot http://ift.tt/1t74RPa

Special issue published: "The Role and Changes in National Commercial Diplomacy in the Time of the (Current) Economic Crisis"

International Journal of Diplomacy and Economy 2(3) 2014
  • Croatian commercial diplomacy - stepping stone toward economic recovery?
  • Economic diplomacy of Slovakia in times of current economic crisis
  • Commercial diplomacy as an instrument for enhancing economic recovery: the case of Serbia
  • Economic diplomacy during the economic crisis
  • The new Croatian commercial diplomacy
  • Slovak economic diplomacy - practitioner's perspective in the times of change
Additional paper
  • Innovation of international business support: a research agenda for commercial diplomacy

Call for papers: "Global Logistics in Emerging Economies"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Shipping and Transport Logistics.

The rise of emerging economies such as Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa is changing the structure of global trade, and therefore reinterprets the view of global supply chain management. As regional economic powerhouses with large populations, resource bases and markets, they play important roles in every segment of the global supply chain. In their efforts to ensure sustainable development, not only emerging markets, but also developed countries are facing big challenges that come from fundamental problems associated with their traditional economic and political systems.

Global logistics, aiming to integrate international production and distribution, is one of the factors that ties the different components of global supply chains together. Global corporations need to efficiently evaluate, configure and operate global logistics systems to remain competitive. It is therefore time for shipping and transport management researchers to consider emerging issues related to global logistics.

This special issue aims to collect recent original contributions related to the opportunities and challenges of global logistics, with a special emphasis on emerging economies. It will include revised and substantially extended versions of selected papers presented at the 2015 Global Supply Chain Management (GSCM) Conference, but we also strongly encourage researchers who are unable to participate in the conference to submit papers for this call.

Suitable topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Internet-based global trade and logistics
  • E-commerce-based global trade and logistics
  • Green logistics and social responsibility
  • Risk management of global logistics
  • Resilience in global logistics
  • Intermodal coordination in global logistics networks
  • Market analysis for global logistics in emerging economies
  • Global shipping and transport logistics networks
  • Managing intermodal transport
  • Strategic alliances and relationship management in global logistics
  • Global logistics negotiations and contracts

Important Dates
Submission deadline: 31 May, 2015

15 September 2014

Special issue published: "Precision in Manufacturing"

International Journal of Mechatronics and Manufacturing Systems 7(2/3) 2014
  • A methodology for process parameter selection in five axis laser cladding
  • Workpiece surface integrity and productivity when cutting CFRP and GFRP composites using a CO2 laser
  • Tolerance chart-based methodology for integrated CNC machining and in-line inspection planning
  • Procedure for geometrical errors identification in machine tool
  • Influence of dry plunge-milling conditions on surface integrity of magnesium alloys
  • Fan/cone beam CT: visualisation and applications for non-clinical X-ray imaging
  • Analytical forces model for micro-end-milling processes
  • Mechanical design of an indexed metrology platform for verification of portable coordinate measuring machines
  • Response delay and predictive estimation of specifications for assemblies

Special issue published: "Recent Studies on the Reliability of Microelectronic Materials and Devices"

International Journal of Materials and Structural Integrity 8(1/2/3) 2014
  • Thermal fatigue life prediction of solder joints of plastic ball grid array packages
  • Measurement of the local residual stress between fine metallic bumps in 3D flip chip structures
  • Reflow of lead-free solder by microwave heating
  • Microstructure and drop/shock reliability of Sn-Ag-Cu-In solder joints
  • Evaluation of lead-free solder reliability under vibration at elevated temperature
  • Shear strengths of CBGA/PBGA solder ball joints with lead-free solder pastes
  • Effects of Pd layer thickness on mechanical properties and microstructures of Sn-3.0 Ag-0.5 Cu solder joints
  • Effect of reflow temperature on the mechanical drop performance of Sn-Bi solder joint
  • Multiple Al micro materials fabrication by utilising electromigration
Additional papers
  • Interfacial heat transfer properties of the typical interconnection structures in IC packaging: a multiscale study
  • Thermo-mechanical coupled modelling on fixed joint interface in machine tools
  • Vibration analysis for roll system of KOCKS mill based on ADAMS
  • Study on crosstalk fault model and testing for SoC inter-core interconnects
  • Mechanical property of a graphene/silicon interface: an atomistic simulation research
  • A research review on deep cryogenic treatment of steels
  • A two-stage approach optimising PCB assembly on the sequential pick-and-place machine by a score-based slot selection method and a swarm intelligence approach

Call for papers: "Innovative Themes and Approaches in Vocational Education and Training (VET)"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Innovation in Education.

The discipline of vocational education and training (VET) is confronted with new challenges and approaches that can be seen in the international discussion of researchers and education practitioners.
The following headlines represent just a small sample of subthemes that can be identified:
  • Problems with diversity in VET (especially dealing with students with learning needs, language problems or migration background)
  • Inclusion in VET
  • Tools for assessment and modelling of formal and informal competences in a life-long learning context (including new technology for assessment)
  • Professionalism of teachers, trainers and pedagogical practitioners for new challenges
  • Transfer problems between different institutions in VET (including transfer between academic and vocational education)
  • Competence-based curricula and learning arrangements
  • The German VET system within the European context as a role model?
  • University didactic as a rising field for researchers in VET
This special issue will explore these complex and multi-faceted challenges. In particular, it is keen to examine various advantages, tensions, dilemmas and contradictions experienced by educators, teachers and students through innovative approaches. Authors are welcome to submit original papers on theoretical development and empirical research, case studies, discussion papers, conference reports, book reviews, commentaries and news dealing with innovative themes and approaches in all working fields of VET.

The issue will carry revised and substantially extended versions of selected papers presented at the Sektionstagung Berufs- und Wirtschaftspädagogik in der DGfE 2014, but we also strongly encourage researchers unable to participate in the conference to submit articles for this call.

Suitable topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Strategies of innovation in VET (classroom, school, system levels)
  • Case studies of innovation in VET (classroom, school, system levels)
  • Theoretical understanding of the nature of innovation in VET
  • The dilemmas and tensions of innovation in VET
  • Policies associated with innovation in VET
  • Leadership issues in achieving innovation in VET
  • Innovative training and development issues in VET
  • Technologies, techniques and tools for innovation in VET
  • Emergence of new forms of education in VET
  • Diversity in the current and future education landscape of VET
  • The relationship between innovation in VET and other disciplines such as knowledge management, organisational learning and human resource management
  • Innovation in VET through school/university-industry collaboration

Important Dates
Submission of manuscripts: 31 December, 2014
Notification to authors: 28 February, 2015
Final versions due: 31 April, 2015

Special issue published: "Information Assurance and System Security in Cloud Computing"

International Journal of Cloud Computing 3(3) 2014
  • Cloud computing: a review of security issues and solutions
  • Privacy-preserving virtual machine checkpointing mechanism
  • Geolocation-aware resource management in cloud computing-based cognitive radio networks
Additional paper
  • Secure process migration in cloud for load balancing and energy efficiency

12 September 2014

Inderscience journals to publish expanded papers from 17th GABER International Conference Dubai

Expanded versions of papers presented at the 17th International Conference of the Global Academy of Business & Economic Research (29-30 December 2015, Sheraton DIERA Dubai Hotel, Dubai) will be published by the following journals:

Inderscience journals to publish expanded papers from wine and agrifood management conference

Expanded versions of papers presented at the Contemporary Trends and Perspectives in Wine and Agrifood Management conference (16-17 January 2015, Lecce, Italy) will be published by the following journals:

Inderscience journals to publish expanded papers from ICECS 2015

Expanded versions of papers presented at the 2nd International Conference on Electronics & Communication Systems (26-27 February 2015, Karpagam College of Engineering, Tamil Nadu, India) will be published by the following journals:

Cutting the cloud computing carbon cost

Cloud computing involves displacing data storage and processing from the user’s computer on to remote servers. It can provide users with more storage space and computing power that they can then access from anywhere in the world rather than having to connect to a single desktop or other computer with its finite resources. However, some observers have raised concerns about the increased energy demands of sustaining distributed servers and having them up and running continuously, where an individual user’s laptop might be shut down when it is not in use or the resources utilization of the server is less than the lower threshold, for instance.

Now, writing in the International Journal of Information Technology, Communications and Convergence, researchers at the University of Oran in Algeria, have investigated how cloud computing systems might be optimized for energy use and to reduce their carbon footprint. Jouhra Dad and Ghalem Belalem in the Department of Computer Science at Oran explain how they have developed an algorithm to control the virtual machines running on computers in a cloud environment so that energy use of the core central processing units (CPUs) and memory capacity (RAM as opposed to hard disk storage space) can be reduced as far as possible with affecting performance overall.

“Energy consumption is considered as a major problem in computing systems containing servers, data centers and clouds,” the team says. “These resources continue to consume a large amount of energy and produce carbon dioxide emissions.” The team’s study reveals that virtualization of processes and live migration of VMs within the cloud service using their algorithm of selection and allocation allows different tools and applications to be consolidated to use less CPU and memory capacity. This in turn reduces energy demands on the servers by allowing several virtual machines to be run on a single remote compute accessible to the users without compromising performance.

To optimize the energy consumption of data centers, the proposed approach is divided into two phases. The first one is the selection of VMs using the modified minimization of migration algorithm which takes in consideration the CPU utilization and RAM capacity. The solution is based on upper and lower physical resources thresholds. The second phase is the allocation of the migrated VMs which uses the modified multidimensional knapsack problem. This algorithm must pack in as many items as possible into a bag without exceeding a weight limit and without being forced to leave behind essential items when travelling.

Dad, J. and Belalem, G. (2014) ‘Energy optimisation in cloud computing’, Int. J. Information Technology, Communications and Convergence, Vol. 3, No. 1, pp.1–12.

Cutting the cloud computing carbon cost is a post from: David Bradley's Science Spot

via Science Spot http://ift.tt/1lZ9iun

11 September 2014

Call for papers: "Privacy, Security and Trust in Mobile and Wireless Systems"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Security and Networks.

Recently, mobile wireless devices such as wireless sensors, smart tags, smart pads, tablets, PDAs and smart phones, have become pervasive and have attracted significant interest from academia, industry and standard organisations. With the latest cloud computing technology, these mobile wireless devices will play an increasingly important role in computing and communication.

When these devices become pervasive, security, privacy and trust become critical components for the acceptance of applications built for and based on them. Moreover, several favourable characteristics of mobile and wireless devices, including portability, mobility and sensitivity, further increase the challenges of security and privacy in these systems.

Despite recent advances, many research issues still require addressing in the design of secure, privacy-preserving, trusted architectures, protocols, algorithms, services and applications on mobile and wireless systems. For example, when mobile devices have more storage space, high bandwidth and super sensing capability, more sensitive information will be stored in the devices. Additionally, operating systems running on these devices are not as powerful and reliable as those on traditional computers. Both OS layer and higher-level layer protocols are expected to enhance the security and preserve the privacy of these devices.

With more mobile devices being used in social networks and traditional web-based systems, novel trust models are essential for new applications. New cryptographic algorithms, key distribution schemes and access control policies are also encouraged by considering the special characteristics of mobile and wireless devices. Other issues such as malware, cyber threat, intrusion detection, attack modelling, security analysis, identity management and anonymity techniques also need to be revisited in mobile and wireless systems.

This special issue aims to bring together works of technologists and researchers who share an interest in the area of security, privacy and trust in mobile and wireless systems, and to explore new venues of collaboration. Its main purpose is to promote discussions about research and relevant activities in the models and designs of secure, privacy-preserving, trusted architectures, protocols, algorithms, services and applications, as well as to analyse cyber threat in mobile and wireless systems. It also aims at increasing the synergy between academic and industry professionals working in this area. We seek papers that address theoretical, experimental research, and works-in-progress for security-, privacy- and trust-related issues in the context of mobile and wireless systems.

The issue will carry revised and substantially extended versions of selected papers presented at theMobiPST 2014 workshop held in conjunction with IEEE ICCCN 2014, but we also strongly encourage researchers unable to participate in the conference to submit articles for this call.

Suitable topics include, but are not limited to, the following in relation to security, privacy and trust:
  • Wireless local area networks
  • Wireless sensor networks
  • Wireless mesh networks
  • Wireless ad-hoc networks
  • Vehicular networks
  • Body-area networks
  • Cellular networks (3G, 4G, etc.)
  • WiMAX Networks
  • Machine-to-machine (M2M) networks
  • Software-defined networks (SDN)
  • Social networks
  • Smart grid
  • RFID-based systems
  • Mobile cloud
  • Cyber-physical systems (CPS)
  • Internet of things
  • Location-based service systems
  • Mobile healthcare systems
  • Smart building systems
  • Big data

Important Dates
Manuscript due: 30 October, 2014
Acceptance/rejection notification: 30 January, 2015
Final manuscript due: 28 March, 2015

Call for papers: "Application of Metaheuristics in the Field of Mechanical Engineering"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Metaheuristics.

This special issue aims to collect high-quality research articles with a solid background in both theoretical and practical aspects of developing and applying state-of-the-art heuristics/metaheuristics to the diverse set of problems in mechanical engineering. Today, computation costs have drastically reduced and a fast pace of development is witnessed in the field of heuristics/metaheuristics, which have come to rescue industries in terms of finding realistic solutions and reducing processing times significantly.
The challenges posed by industrial competitiveness, customer-driven markets, global economies and rapid development in product and process technology could certainly be resolved through the application of artificial intelligence and soft computing. This issue is a step towards integrating computer science, information technology and mechanical engineering to harness the unprecedented benefits of heuristics/metaheuristics.
Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Application of heuristics/metaheuristics to the following:
    • Manufacturing systems
    • Manufacturing and machining parameter optimisation
    • Production planning and control
    • Engineering design
    • Supply chain management
    • Quality and reliability
    • Thermal engineering
    • CAD/CAM and robotics
  • Multiple objective optimisations through metaheuristics
  • Hybridisation of metaheuristics with classical techniques to solve mechanical engineering problems
  • Heuristics (ant colony optimisation, artificial immune systems, genetic algorithms, particle swarm intelligence, simulated annealing, tabu search, etc.)

Important Dates
Submission of manuscripts: 31 March, 2015
Notification to authors: 30 June, 2015
Final versions due: 31 August, 2015

Inderscience journals to publish expanded papers from 16th GABER International Conference New York

Expanded versions of papers presented at the 16th International Conference of the Global Academy of Business & Economic Research (7-8 May 2015, Sheraton LaGuardia East Hotel, New York, USA) will be published by the following journals:

10 September 2014

Inderscience journals to publish expanded papers from 15th GABER International Conference Orlando

Expanded versions of papers presented at the 15th International Conference of the Global Academy of Business & Economic Research (5-6 March 2015, Sheraton, Lake Buena Vista, Orlando, Florida, USA) will be published by the following journals:

Inderscience is media partner for Port Finance International Asia - Singapore 2014

Inderscience is a media partner for Port Finance International Asia - Singapore 2014 (27-28 October 2014, Suntec, Singapore).

The journals involved are:

Call for papers: "Management and Complexity"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Business and Globalisation.

More and more managers find that organisational reality develops independently of their efforts. More planning and control doesn’t seem to be the answer to this. Since the beginning of this millennium a stream of thinking about this question has emerged (as yet in small academic circles), in which the findings of complexity sciences are used as an analogy for looking at organisations: the so-called ‘complex responsive processes perspective’.
From this perspective, organisations are not seen as systems but as ongoing local interactions between people, leading to global patterns without any plan or blueprint. The main question for managers becomes then not ‘What can I do make the organisation become what I want it to become?’ but ‘What am I doing and experiencing while this organisation is becoming what it becomes?’.
This special issue invites submissions from authors who have undergone this (more or less radical) change in their thinking and who want to share their experiences on a practical as well as theoretical level.
Suitable topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • What theory of action is implied by the complexity perspective on organisations?
  • How can the role of a business consultant be reframed from a complexity perspective?
  • The important role of writing in organisations
  • Learning to become a manager while becoming a manager
  • How can academic research in organisations be performed when there is no outside stance?
  • What are the methodological implications of a complexity perspective on organisations?
  • How unplanned change emerges while implementing a multi-project management system

Important Dates
Submission of manuscripts: 1 February, 2015
Notification to authors: 1 April, 2015
Final versions due: 1 June, 2015

Inderscience journals to publish expanded papers from 14th GABER International Conference India

Expanded versions of papers presented at the 14th International Conference of the Global Academy of Business & Economic Research (20-22 December 2014, Nagarjuna Nagar, Andhra Pradesh, India) will be published by the following journals:

9 September 2014

An evolutionary approach to epidemics

An evolutionary analysis of public health data during a major disease outbreak, such as bird flu, E coli contamination of food or the current outbreak of Ebola virus could help the emergency services plan their response and contain the disease more effectively. Details are reported in the International Journal of Innovative Computing and Applications.

Dehai Liu of the Dongbei University of Finance and Economics, in Dalian, Liaoning, China, and colleagues have used evolutionary game theory to examine the data associated with a major public health event – the emergence of a new pandemic virus. The team explains that the characteristics of disease outbreaks in the modern world have shifted since the advent of high-speed air travel. Moreover, increased population density and changes in economics have meant that the progress of an epidemic will not necessarily follow the course nor move at the speed of historical “plagues” even up to the global influenza outbreaks of the twentieth century.

Evolutionary game theory is a mathematical tool that allows researchers to simulate various scenarios and predict outcomes. It essentially applies Darwinian selection to the contests, strategies, and analytics that various “actors” in the scenario might be involved. The Chinese team has now applied this approach to understanding the spread of disease and demonstrated that there are four main outcomes one might see with a pandemic in today’s world all affected by the government response to the outbreak, the provision of healthcare, the isolation of patients and availability of treatments of the given disease.

Their approach tested on actual data from the 2009 outbreak of influenza A (H1N1) accords with a scenario involving active prevention and control, which led to limited casualties of the epidemic. The ongoing analysis of data associated with the current outbreak of Ebola might be exploited to ensure quarantine and control measures are put in place effectively to prevent widespread deaths from this lethal disease and likewise with future emergent pathogens.

Liu, D., Chen, J., Chai, R. and Wang, W. (2014) ‘Evolutionary analysis of important public health event-based multi-agent simulation model’, Int. J. Innovative Computing and Applications, Vol. 6, No. 1, pp.33–43.

An evolutionary approach to epidemics is a post from: David Bradley's Science Spot

via Science Spot http://ift.tt/1xE7nk2