24 November 2014

Educating on sickle cell risk

Members of the public in sub-Saharan Africa who are carriers of the hereditary disease sickle cell disease must be educated aggressively through public health campaigns to raise awareness of the risks of parenting offspring with the disease if their partner is also a carrier, according to research published in the International Journal of Medical Engineering and Informatics.


There are many physical and emotional public health components of sickle cell disease, explains William Ebomoyi of the Department of Health Studies College of Health Sciences, Chicago State University, Illinois, USA. Moreover, there ethical and legal considerations surrounding the screening of newborns for this potentially lethal disease.


Sickle-cell disease (SCD), also known as sickle-cell anemia (SCA) or drepanocytosis is an inherited condition in which a child of parents both of whom are carriers of the associated hemoglobin gene who inherits both copies will produce abnormal red blood cells that are rigid and often sickle-shaped. The disorder causes both acute and chronic health problems, such as repeated infections, severe attacks of pain and potentially stroke and death. Carriers of just one copy of this particular hemoglobin gene tend to have greater resistance to the lethal parasitic disease malaria compared to people without a copy of the gene. However, around 2 percent of the population of sub-Saharan Africa is born with SCD. Moreover, incidence is rising across the globe as populations migrate.


In the age of genomics, however, Ebomoyi suggests that raising awareness of the risks of having children with SCD if both parents are carriers is important. “An aggressive health education of the public is required to maintain a shared responsibility for their courtship behaviour by alerting potential suitors of their heterozygous status,” he suggests. He adds that, “Major sickle cell education programmes need to be integrated into the curriculum of elementary, secondary and tertiary academic institutions.”


Ebomoyi, E.W. (2015) ‘Ethical, legal, social, and financial implications of neonatal screening for sickle cell anaemia in Sub-Sahara Africa in the age of genomic science’, Int. J. Medical Engineering and Informatics, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp.46–56.


Educating on sickle cell risk is a post from: David Bradley's Science Spot


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End to End 5G for super, superfast mobile

A collaboration between NEC Electronics Samsung and several academic centres in China and Iran, is investigating how software-defined cellular networking might be used to give smart phone users the next generation of super-superfast broadband, 5G. They provide details in the International Journal of Communication Networks and Distributed Systems.


Currently, the fourth generation of mobile phone connection technology, 4G, in as far as it has been adopted provides broadband-type connectivity for enabled devices such as smart phones, tablet computers, laptops and other gadgets through two standards: the Mobile WiMAX standard (first used in South Korea in 2007), and the first-release Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard (in Oslo, Norway and Stockholm, Sweden since 2009). Peak speeds were set in the standards at 100 megabits per second (Mbit/s) for mobile users and ten times that for static, domestic 5G users, 1 gigabit per second. 100 Mbits/s is three times faster than the earlier 3G system but users commonly do not see data transfer at such high rates, downloads are usually at best 10 Mbits/s.


As yet there is no single standard for 5G although various systems are being touted based on rebuilding the cellular networks to be super-efficient and exploiting different frequencies with their capacity for greater data rates. The hope is to be able to achieve download speeds of perhaps 10 Gbits/s.


Ming Lei of Samsung Research and Development Institute China, Lei Jiang of NEC Laboratories, both in Beijing are working with colleagues at the University of Electronic Science and Technology of China in Chengdu, Beijing Jiaotong University and the University of Kurdistan. They have assessed the latest developments aimed at 5G systems and have proposed their own novel end-to-end (E2E) software-defined cellular network (SDCN) architecture which they say offers flexibility, scalability, agility and efficiency. Moreover, it will be sustainable for providers as well as profitable.


They are currently building a demonstration system that will allow them to utilise several promising technologies in their architecture for 5G including cloud computing, network virtualisation, network functions virtualisation and dynamic service chaining. The approach, they suggest could overcome bandwidth shortage problems, improve quality of service so avoiding delays and data loss, as well as reducing the vast number of error-prone network nodes needed for such a system.


Lai, J., Jiang, L., Lei, M., Abdollahpouri, A. and Fang, W. (2015) ‘Software-defined cellular networking: a practical path towards 5G’, Int. J. Communication Networks and Distributed Systems, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp.89–105.


End to End 5G for super, superfast mobile is a post from: David Bradley's Science Spot


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Special issue published: "Current Trends in Tribology in the Iberian Peninsula II"

International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering 8(4) 2014

Expanded versions of papers presented at the Iberian Conference on Tribology 2013.
  • Mechanical and tribological performances of polypropylene composites containing multi-walled carbon nanotubes
  • Predictive maintenance of a worm reducer with an unbalanced load
  • Force relaxation and hysteresis in a frictionless superconducting magnetic bearing
  • Effect of varying cashew dust and resin on friction material formulation: stability and sensitivity of µ to pressure, speed and temperature
  • Testing and FEA as prediction strategies on the ball bearings behaviour
  • Analysis of different multiaxial fatigue criteria in the prediction of pitting failure in spur gears
  • Corrosion resistance of tungsten carbide-based cermet coatings formed by sinter-brazing
  • Investigations on the effects of surface texture on the performance of a porous journal bearing operating with couple stress fluids

Hearing the cheer of the crowd

The modern consumer is keen to be more than a passive recipient of goods and services. Social media, web 2.0 and more have empowered customers so that they share their opinions with other consumers online, offer feedback to corporations and through crowdsourcing schemes may even be asked for their expertise, ideas and sometimes financial backing by those companies.

There have been many examples during the last decade or so of organisations that have turned to the crowd for assistance, perhaps in solving a problem that will lead to a better product for the people who help and others, perhaps in backing financially a novel invention or book and allowing the organisation or individual to bring it to market. Writing in the International Journal of Technology Marketing, researchers in Finland consider the drivers that lead members of the public, the crowd, to participate in such activities and provide insights for those who wish to use crowdsourcing for their own ends, and for the greater good.

Miia Kosonen and Kaisa Henttonen of the School of Business, at Lappeenranta University of Technology in Finland, explain that members of the public, acting essentially en masse, can provide organisations with valuable knowledge and new ideas in a very cost-effective way. “However, while existing research has focused on the users and the general characteristics of crowdsourcing, there is still a lack of understanding of how the hosting organisation should organise and govern crowdsourcing initiatives,” they explain. Their research has allowed them to identify six management practices that if implemented well would allow a crowdsourcing initiative to work the most effectively and efficiently.

The six management practices identified by the team are:


  1. Selecting appropriate communication technologies

  2. Defining tasks

  3. Evaluating crowd size and its knowledge base

  4. Launching tasks and supporting interpretation

  5. Giving feedback and encouraging interaction

  6. Allowing user-driven idea evaluations

“Crowdsourcing platforms support firms in integrating users and customers in various types of innovation tasks,” the team explains. Their insights, based on illustrative cases and a survey of earlier research suggests that the transformation from company-driven innovation to user-driven models brings challenges that might be addressed by considering these six key aspects of developing a crowdsourcing program. “Our study has implications for the emerging research on crowdsourcing, where most studies have so far focused on the individual user level and neglected the hosting organisation’s perspective,” the team points out.

The team adds that crowdsourcing has to be seen as a two-way process and that it must have obvious benefits for the individuals among the “crowd” as well as the hosting organisation. “An organisation should not presume its crowdsourcing initiative will be successful,” they say. “But instead be prepared to define tasks and target crowds by trial and error. This is a two-way process at the heart of any successful idea crowdsourcing initiative.”

Kosonen, M. and Henttonen, K. (2015) ‘Cheer the crowd? Facilitating user participation in idea crowdsourcing’, Int. J. Technology Marketing, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp.95–110.

Hearing the cheer of the crowd is a post from: David Bradley's Science Spot

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23 November 2014

Call for papers: “Integration of Wireless Technologies with High-Performance Computing and its Applications”

For a special issue of the International Journal of Mobile Network Design and Innovation.

There is an ever-increasing demand for the integration of wireless communication technologies with high-speed computing, which makes use of super computers and parallel processing techniques for solving complex computational problems. Many scientists, engineers and research groups are already actively involved in high-performance computing (HPC) with the help of integration of wireless technologies to allow the solving of computer science, engineering and business problems using various applications that require high bandwidth, low-latency networking and very high computing capabilities.
 
Wireless technologies integrated with HPC have moved into the mainstream of computing and have become a key technology in determining future research and development. These technologies hold great potential for the future but still require many challenges and questions to be addressed. This special issue aims to foster the dissemination of high-quality research into the integration of wireless technologies incorporated into HPC paradigms, models, algorithms, technologies and applications.
 
Suitable topics include, but are not limited to:
  • Algorithms and technologies for integrating wireless networks with HPC
  • Evaluation of existing tools and techniques in wireless networks in regard to computing with applications
  • Various stages of novel accelerator processors, systems and architectures (including analysis, design and implementation)
  • Simulation methods and comparisons for any kind of wireless networks in regard to HPC with applications
  • Parallel and distributed system architectures, software technologies and algorithms
  • Wireless sensor networks and applications with HPC
  • Novel computing models for integrating wireless networks with peer-to-peer/grid and cluster/cloud/pervasive computing
  • Database applications and data mining
  • Programming models, analysis and design of algorithms for accelerator-based computing
  • HPC in modelling and simulation
  • Parallel applications on accelerators

Important Dates
Deadline for the paper submission: 15 May, 2015

22 November 2014

Call for papers: “Next Generation of Research in Transportation and Logistics: Our Common Future”

For a special issue of the World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research.

In the last several decades, the transportation and logistics field has witnessed many remarkable changes as a result of innovation in ICT that have facilitated improvements in manufacturing, data interchange, network design, intelligent transportation systems, warehousing and inventory, and cargo handling. New innovations in alternative fuels and vehicle/engine designs have also begun to change the dynamics of transportation, creating more options for transport. Furthermore, the industry is now on the verge of witnessing a sixth mode of passenger and freight transportation: commercial space.
 
While this rapid change creates many opportunities, there are also challenges concerning safety and security as well as the design and integration of the transportation system itself. How do governments regulate an increasingly integrated transportation system? How do they safely incorporate vertical and horizontal space launch as well as greater commercial use of unmanned systems?
 
The purpose of this special issue is to act as a platform for the innovative work of the next generation of researchers and scholars in transportation and logistics. It is targeted specifically at doctoral students who are at the cutting edge of transportation and logistics research. We encourage papers from all aspects of transportation and intermodal transportation where innovation has occurred or should occur.
 
Suitable topics include, but are not limited to:
  • Air cargo and passenger transportation
  • Alliances in the transportation industries
  • Brokering services
  • Cargo handling, equipment and facilities
  • Electronic data Interchange
  • Ground transportation
  • Infrastructure development, maintenance and upgrade
  • Intelligent transportation systems
  • Leasing companies
  • Network design
  • Ocean port development, facilities and linkages
  • Pipeline operations
  • Railroad development and involvement in intermodal transportation
  • Regulation of intermodal transportation
  • Security and safety of transportation systems
  • Supply chain innovation
  • Sustainability/transformational innovation
  • Transportation competition and cooperation
  • Transportation networks
  • Trends in intermodal transportation
  • Unmanned systems
  • Warehousing and inventory

Important Dates
Submission of full papers due before: 30 June, 2015

20 November 2014

Special issue published: "Intelligent Approaches to Pattern Recognition"

International Journal of Applied Pattern Recognition 1(3) 2014

Expanded version of papers presented at the 11th International Conference on Cybernetic Intelligent Systems.
  • A cancellation method of additive external noise and state dependent noise in sound environment systems
  • A blind watermarking algorithm for fingerprint images based on contourlet transform
  • Hindi viseme recognition using subspace DCT features
  • Comparative analysis on SIFT features in visible and infrared aerial imaging
  • Classification in e-procurement

Special Issue published: "Advances in High Performance and Pervasive Modelling and Simulation in Intelligent Networking"

International Journal of Ad Hoc and Ubiquitous Computing 17(2/3) 2014
  • Action planning for multi-robot-based reconfigurable fixture
  • A framework for comparative performance study on virtualised machines
  • Design and evaluation of a quorum-based synchronisation protocol of multimedia replicas
  • Parallelisation of a watershed distributed ecohydrological model with dynamic task scheduling
  • High performance wireless sensor network localisation system
  • High throughput wavelet coherence analysis of neural series
  • AEDB protocol tuning with a fast efficient parallel multi-objective local search
  • The design of dynamic access control for hierarchical sensor networks with key-lock-pair mechanism
  • Measuring the similarity of PML documents with RFID-based sensors
  • Phase imperfect collaborative event driven energy efficient protocol

19 November 2014

Call for papers: "Culture, Integration and Communication: Issues and Approaches in Higher Education Contexts"

For a special issue of the European Journal of Cross-Cultural Competence and Management.

There is a growing number of studies associated with the internationalisation of higher education (HE) that reflect the increasing challenges in this sector. These studies are informed across several disciplines and include research into mobility, the mutual influence of higher education systems, strategies in teaching and learning and the delivery of acquired skills (Altbach & Knight, 2007; Enders, 2004; Kehm & Teichler, 2007; King, Marginson & Naidoo, 2013; Naidoo, 2011; Scott, 2000; Van Damme, 2001).
 
Studies are increasingly informed by cultural and communication issues from a critical viewpoint (Grimshaw, 2007). This is also reflected in an expanding body of literature on the “Anglicisation” of higher education, largely linked to areas of teaching and research (Altbach, 2005; Coleman, 2006; Deardorff, 2012; Grin, 2010; Hughes, 2008; Kirkpatrick, 2011; Pennycook, 2006; Phillipson, 2006). Generally, there is no doubt that internationalisation nurtures the adoption of English as a common language and reinforces this shift. On a policy level, the promotion of academic mobility within Europe, notably through the Bologna Process and the development of a European Higher Education Area (EHEA), has inadvertently helped to establish English as the main academic language (Hughes, 2008; Phillipson, 2006).
 
Despite some fundamental scholarly work that has been done to date, we call for expanding this research stream to explore how these cultural, language and communication issues are implemented at different levels in higher education institutions from a management perspective.
 
The aim of this special issue is to further explore through the lens of management the integration of cultural, language and communication issues in the sphere of higher education, and to investigate the various influences and contingencies of contextual factors.
 
We invite manuscripts that are methodologically rigorous and conceptual or empirical in nature, and which offer new insights into current cultural issues in higher education contexts.
 
References
Altbach, P. G.; Knight, J. (2007). The Internationalization of Higher Education: Motivations and Realities. Journal of studies in international education, 11(3/4), 290-305.
Coleman, J. A. (2006). "English-medium teaching in European Higher Education." Language Teaching, Cambrige University Press 39(1): 1-14.
Deardorff, D. K. (2012). The SAGE handbook of International Higher Education. Thousand Oaks, CA; London, SAGE.
Enders, J. (2004). Higher education, internationalisation, and the nation-state: Recent developments and challenges to governance theory. Higher education, 47(3), 361-382.
Grimshaw, T. (2007). Critical perspectives on language in international education. The SAGE handbook of research in international education, 450-461.
Grin, F. (2010). Managing languages in academia: Pointers from education economics and language economics. Professionalising Multilingualism in Higher Education. Luxembourg. Hughes, R. (2008). "Internationalisation of Higher Education and Language Policy." Higher Education Management and Policy 20(1): 111-128.
Kehm, B. M., & Teichler, U. (2007). Research on internationalisation in higher education. Journal of Studies in International Education, 11(3-4), 260-273.
King, R. Marginson, S. and Naidoo, R. (Eds) (2013) The Globalization of Higher Education. Edward Elgar.
Kirkpatrick, A. (2011). Internationalization or Englishization: Medium of Instruction in Today's Universities, Centre for Governance and Citizenship, The Hong Kong Institute of Education (Working Paper Series No. 2011/003): 1-18.
Naidoo, R. (2011). Rethinking development: Higher education and the new imperialism. Handbook on globalization and higher education, 40-58.
Pennycook, A. (2006). Postmodernism in Language Policy. An Introduction to Language Policy: Theory and Method. T. Ricento, Blackwell Publishing: 60-76.
Phillipson, R. (2006). Are linguistic human rights an alternative to linguistic imperialism?. World Englishes: Critical Concepts in Linguistics, 5(1), 298.
Scott, P. (2000). Globalisation and Higher Education: Challenges for the 21st Century. Journal of Studies in International Education, 4(1), 3-10.
Van Damme, D. (2001). Quality issues in the internationalisation of higher education. Higher education, 41(4), 415-441.
 
Suitable topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Cultural integration polices/practices in higher education
  • Student/staff integration on campus
  • Intercultural competence of students and staff in higher education
  • Management of multicultural campuses
  • Cross-cultural communication in higher education
  • Multicultural teamwork in higher education (students/staff)
  • Practices/issues of teaching multi-cultural classrooms
 
Important Dates
Submission deadline: 15 December, 2014
1st round of reviews ends: 19 January, 2015
Revisions due: 28 February, 2015
2nd round of reviews ends: 23 March, 2015

Int. J. of Computational Vision and Robotics to publish expanded papers from ICIMR 2015

Expanded versions of papers presented at the International Conference on Intelligent Mechatronics and Robotics (12-13 April 2015, Bhubaneswar, India) will be published by the International Journal of Computational Vision and Robotics.

International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology increases issues

The International Journal of Oil, Gas and Coal Technology has announced that it will be increasing issues from eight to twelve from 2016 onwards.

Call for papers: "Critical Infrastructure Computer Technology and Protection"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Critical Computer-Based Systems.

In recent years, critical infrastructures have become increasingly dependent on ICT and more complex, interconnected and linked to the Internet. Consequently, this makes these systems more vulnerable and intensifies the threat of successful cyber-attacks taking place. The growing use of wireless networks further exacerbates the situation, as critical infrastructures become more susceptible to direct digital attack than ever before.
 
Traditionally, protecting against environmental threats was the main focus of critical infrastructure preservation. Now, however, with the emergence of cyber-attacks, the focus has changed and infrastructures are facing a different danger with potentially devastating consequences.
 
As threats evolve and become more adaptive, so should security measures evolve and adopt increasingly innovative security techniques. The future lies with combating cyber-attacks in innovative ways, where adaptive systems are employed and existing methods are built upon to provide well-structured defence-in-depth. The increasing complexity and susceptibility of these systems, combined with significant weaknesses in current security measures, highlights the need to develop effective protection methods.
 
For this special issue, we solicit research papers addressing this pertinent topic.
 
Suitable topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Critical infrastructure protection
  • Cyber security
  • Cyber attacks
  • Data analysis
  • Intrusion detection systems
  • Unified threat management systems
  • Control systems
  • Smart grids
  • Defence-in-depth
  • Wireless networks
  • Complex and systems-of-systems security
  • Cyber-physical security
 
Important Dates
Submission deadline: 1 July, 2015
Notification of acceptance: 1 September, 2015
Final version due: 1 November, 2015

18 November 2014

Call for papers: "Induction Heating and Heat Treating"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties.

There are many ways to heat and heat treat metallic workpieces, including the use of electromagnetic induction, which has become one of the most popular technologies due to its environmental friendliness, high energy efficiency, ergonomic advantages and ability to provide high production rates. In recent years, the metalworking industry has increased its technological knowledge of the production high quality components. This knowledge has led to many improvements in manufacturing powertrain and transmission components, gears and gear-like parts, long forged, rolled and extruded products and others. Novel steels appear quite regularly dramatically improving mechanical properties and microstructures resulting in many advancements in manufacturing critical components with superior properties including lower noise, lighter weight, energy efficiency, and lower cost as well as increased load-carrying capacity. The objective of this issue is to discuss innovations and breakthroughs that were recently developed in induction heating and heat treating technologies.
 
Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Theoretical and practical aspects of electromagnetic induction heating
  • Innovative process technologies
  • Computer modelling and optimisation
  • Microstructural and grain size control
  • Material properties
  • Hardening/tempering/stress relieving
  • Heating prior to warm and hot metal forming
  • Nondestructive testing
  • Failure analysis
  • Thermal processing development
  • Process monitoring and quality assurance
  • Advanced coil designs
 
Important Dates
Submission of Manuscripts: 28 February, 2015
Notification to Authors: 30 March, 2015
Final Versions Due: 30 April, 2015

Inderscience journals to publish expanded papers from DIEM 2015

Expanded versions of papers presented at the 2nd Dubrovnik International Economic Meeting (1-3 October 2015, Dubrovnik, Croatia) will be published by the following journals:

Call for papers: "Next Generation of Social Computing for Computational Collective Intelligence"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Information Technology and Management.

Recently, Web 2.0 technologies such as Blog, SNS, Wikipedia, and Youtube have emerged as possible channels for exploitation by business and education. They are involved in the information production and distribution processes as well as the consumption process. Also, social network research in sociology and psychology has shown an interest in modelling and analysing the relationship between users and their communities. As well as providing ways to stay in touch with friends and make online transactions and new interactions in cyber environments, research areas are focused on sharing, collaboration and interoperability of web documents and social media.

This special issue brings various next generation social computing tools to construct, integrate, analyse, mine, annotate and visualise the social data from various transactions and interactions in engineering, business management and education.

Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Web 2.0 & Web 3.0
  • e-Learning and social media
  • Social computing and social networks
  • Social network services in business/education
  • New computational models for social networks
  • Social media in business/education
  • Collaboration and KM using Web 2.0
  • Semantic web applications and developments
  • The role of the educator in social networks
  • Adaptation of learning theories for social networks
  • Social network analysis in courses and learning environments
  • Mobile devices in social learning
  • Personal learning environments and networks
  • The value of openness in learning
  • Next-generation social technologies
  • Scholarship and peer review in online social networks
  • Privacy and security issues for social networks

Important Dates
Submission of Manuscripts: 1 April, 2015
Notification to Authors: 1 July, 2015
Final Versions Due: 1 September, 2015

Gender diversity and innovative R&D

Gender diversity is relevant when it comes to R&D innovation, according to a study of Spanish manufacturing firms; however much more important is “diverse functional expertise”, say researcher in a paper to be published in the International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business.

Juan Fernández-Sastre of FLACSO Ecuador explains that innovation does not result from rational managerial decisions, rather it emerges from the complex social systems in which individuals share knowledge to generate new ideas. The personnel working in a research and development (R&D) department are perhaps the most relevant to the innovation structure.

Fernández-Sastre has analyzed data extracted from the Spanish Survey of Technological Innovation (PITEC). PITEC is panel data compiled by the Spanish National Statistics Institute (INE), the Science and Technology Foundation (FECYT) and the Foundation for Technical Innovation (COTEC). He has looked at four different types of innovation: product, service, process and organisational. Product innovation involves a company marketing a new or improved product. Service innovation involves the introduction of new or improved services. Process innovation involves novelty and improvements in production, distribution or support activities. Organisational innovation involves changes for the better in management practices.

The analysis reveals that among the Spanish companies studied, the emergence of innovation was specially related to the functional diversity of the R&D workforce and to a lesser extend to its gender diversity, except in the case of service innovation, for which gender diversity was as beneficial as functional diversity, due to the personal interactions and market insights necessary for improvements at the service level.

“Manufacturing firms, for which service innovation is a source of competitive advantage, should be really concerned with human resource management practices for gender diversity and not only with the building of cross-functional teams,” says Fernández-Sastre. Additionally, the data suggests that, “Managers should not consider forming teams with equal proportions of men and women. This may reduce male-female interaction and the benefits associated with the existence of minority groups in the creative and problem-solving process”. Finally, “Those firms aiming at introducing innovations that involve interactions among internal and external agents and those that require a better interface with the market place will benefit more from gender diversity than those firms pursuing innovations related to the solution of technical problems”, Fernández-Sastre concludes.

Fernández-Sastre, J. (2015) ‘The impact of R&D teams’ gender diversity on innovation outputs’, Int. J. Entrepreneurship and Small Business, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp.142–162.

Gender diversity and innovative R&D is a post from: David Bradley's Science Spot

17 November 2014

Int. J. of Business and Emerging Markets to publish expanded papers from 2015 ABEM Conference

Expanded versions of papers presented at the 2015 ABEM Conference on International Business and Emerging Markets (4-6 August 2015, Windhoek, Namibia) will be published by the International Journal of Business and Emerging Markets.

Call for papers: "Evidence-Based Management Practices in Accounting and Finance"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Management Practice.

In recent decades, a great deal of scientific research has been carried out on issues relevant to management practices. Evidence-Based Management (EBM) means making decisions based on best accessible facts, that is, scientific findings and unbiased organisational facts. It is a field that explicitly applies the contemporary and optimal evidence in management and decision making processes. EBM emerged as a separate discipline of management initially from healthcare (Sackett and Rosenberg, 1995; Sackett et al., 1996). In early 1999, the systematic foundation of EBM started to appear and the entry of EBM into the behavioural sciences enabled more effective decision making. In the first decade of the 21st century, EBM gained popularity due to Evidence Oriented Organizing; Strategic-Finance; Marketing; Healthcare-Finance and Policy-Making (Walshe and Rundall, 2001; Sanderson, 2002; Junco et al., 2010; Armstrong, 2011; Rowley, 2012; Tourish, 2013).
 
This special issue aims to document the increasing acceptance and popularity of decision making based on the available evidence. It invites manuscripts of new ideas on EBM practices. More particularly, the special issue focuses on accounting and finance, one of the emerging areas of EBM decision making, and will contribute to the literature with suggestions and recommendations to policy makers and practitioners. It also has a unique angle targeting the evidence-based managerial decisions made by firms operating at the international level. Empirical evidences from national settings such as India, China, Japan, Korea and emerging Asian markets are welcome.
 
References
Armstrong, J. S. (2011). Evidence based advertising: an application to persuasion. International Journal of Advertising, Vol.30, No. 5, pp.743-767.
Junco, J. G., Zaballa, R. D., & Perea, J. G. (2010). Evidence-based administration for decision making in the framework of knowledge strategic management. The Learning Organization, Vol. 17, No. 4, pp.343-363.
Rowley, J. (2012). Evidence based marketing. International Journal of Market Research, Vol. 54, No. 4, pp.5215-41.
Sackett, D. L., & Rosenberg, W. M. (1995). The need for evidence-based medicine. Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, Vol. 88, No.11, pp.620-624.
Sackett, D. L., Rosenberg, W. M., Gray, J. A., Haynes, R. B., & Richardson, W. S. (1996). Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ, Vol. 312, No. 7023, pp.71-72.
Sanderson, I. (2002). Evaluation, policy learning and evidence‐based policy making. Public administration, Vol. 80, No. 1, pp.1-22.
Tourish, D. (2013). ‘Evidence based management’, or ‘evidence oriented organizing’? A critical realist perspective. Organization, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp.173-192.
Walshe, K., & Rundall, T. G. (2001). Evidence‐based management: from theory to practice
in health care. Milbank Quarterly, Vol. 79, No. 3, pp.429-457.
 
Topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Economics of auditing
  • Role of accounting
  • Financial reporting and disclosure
  • Tax regulations
  • Forensic accounting
  • Managerial accounting
  • Asset pricing
  • Corporate finance
  • Corporate governance
  • Disclosures and earnings quality
  • Financial institutions and market linkages
  • Market microstructure
  • Derivatives and regulation
 
Important Dates
Submission of Manuscripts: 31 May, 2015
Notification to Authors: 31 July, 2015
Final Versions Due: 30 September, 2015
Final Decision/Notification: 15 October, 2015

Inderscience journals to publish expanded papers from AWICT2015

Expanded versions of papers presented at the International Conference on Advanced Wireless Information and Communication Technologies (20-23 September 2015, Tunisia) will be published by the following journals:

Call for papers: "University Spin-offs – Process, Context and Globalisation"

For a special issue of the International Journal of Globalisation and Small Business.

University spin-offs (USOs), i.e., firms based on university research, have attracted a considerable amount of research interest in the last decades (for a recent review see Grimaldi et al, 2011). Also policy makers in Europe and elsewhere have taken interest in measures to stimulate and facilitate commercialisation of university research (Jacobsson et al 2013). Previous research has focused on issues such as typologies of university spin-offs (Pirnay et al, 2002), lack of market knowledge and inferior growth performance compared to corporate spin-offs (Lindholm Dahlstrand,1997), different forms of research commercialisation such as licencing and spin-offs (Kenney and Patton, 2009), and the relation to university technology-transfer offices, incubators and the university itself (Lejpras and Stephan, 2011).
 
While we have learned quite a lot about USOs through this research, some topics are still under-researched. These include ssues regarding process and context of USOs (Wright, 2014). Furthermore, the issues of internationalisation and born globals (Bengtsson, 2004) do not seem to have attracted any attention even though USOs are incubated in highly internationalized university environments.
 
Suitable topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
  • Does the process of USOs differ from other spin-off processes?
  • What are the long-term effects of USOs?
  • Are there processes which lead to a higher likelihood of success?
  • What characterise successful USOs?
  • Which contexts are beneficial to USOs?
  • In which industrial and regional contexts do USOs matter most?
  • Which roles do USOs have for industrial renewal and change?
  • Do USOs follow the same pattern of internationalisation as other small businesses?
  • Are born global USOs different from other USOs and/or from other born globals?
 
Important Dates
Submission of long abstract (max. 1000 words): 2 March 2015
Notification of acceptance of abstract: 7 April, 2015
Submission of full paper for authors with abstract acceptance and new authors: 1 June, 2015
Notification of acceptance, refusal or revision of full papers: 1 October, 2015
Final versions due: 1 December, 2015
 
Note that full papers can be submitted until June 1st also for new papers not previously having attained abstract acceptance. Abstract acceptance will have the benefits of communicating relevance and fit in the special issue of the intended paper as well as early feedback from guest editors.